unbekannter Gast

Turkmenistan: People & Society#

Population5,171,943 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.14% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.4% (male 691,076/female 673,310)
15-24 years: 20.2% (male 526,027/female 519,474)
25-54 years: 42.3% (male 1,082,821/female 1,102,716)
55-64 years: 6.9% (male 168,543/female 188,742)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 95,391/female 123,843) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate19.46 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6.16 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsTurkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.13 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 45.63 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 30.26 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesTurkmen (official) 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 69.47 years
male: 66.48 years
female: 72.61 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.6%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.5% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Turkmen(s)
adjective: Turkmen
Net migration rate-1.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Total fertility rate2.1 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 200 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2004 est.)
Median agetotal: 26.6 years
male: 26.2 years
female: 27.1 years (2014 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 48.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 89.1% of population
rural: 53.7% of population
total: 71.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.9% of population
rural: 46.3% of population
total: 28.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationASHGABAT (capital) 683,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate67 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.5% (2000)
Health expenditures2.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.44 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density4.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate13.2% (2008)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 (2006 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate61.8% (2000)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 42.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1 %
potential support ratio: 16.4 (2014 est.)