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Vietnam: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
Geographic Coordinates16 10 N, 107 50 E 16.166666,107.833336
Area total: 331,210 sq km
land: 310,070 sq km
water: 21,140 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 331210
DBpedia: 331210
Geoname: 329560
Infoplease: 329560
Britannica: 331212
Wolfram: 329560

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 4,639 km
border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km
Coastline3,444 km (excludes islands)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Fan Si Pan 3211 m
According to Geonames: Phu Si Lung 3076 m; Ngok Linh 2598 m; Chu Yang Sin 2405 m; Phu Canh 1420 m; Nui Tan Vien 1296 m; Dinh Phan Xi Phang 3142 m; Phu Si Lung 3076 m; Phu Luong 2985 m; Ngok Linh 2598 m; Chu Yang Sin 2405 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainlow, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
Natural Hazardsoccasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta
Natural Resourcephosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 19.64%
permanent crops: 11.18%
other: 69.18% (2011)
Climatetropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)
Irrigated Land45,850 sq km (2005)
Renewable Water Resources884.1 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssueslogging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large Cities
Important Cities
Geography-noteextending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point
Important Lakes