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Australia: Geography#

LocationOceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean
Geographic Coordinates27 00 S, 133 00 E -27.0,133.0
Area total: 7,741,220 sq km
land: 7,682,300 sq km
water: 58,920 sq km
note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 7741220
DBpedia: 7692024
Geoname: 7686850
Infoplease: 7686850
Britannica: 7692202
Wolfram: 7741000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline25,760 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m
highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mawson Peak 2745 m; Mount Kosciuszko 2228 m; Mount Townsend 2209 m; Mount Twynam 2195 m; Rams Head 2190 m
According to Geonames: Mount Kosciusko 2228 m; Mount Townsend 2209 m; Mount Twynam 2196 m; Unnamed peak on Etheridge Ridge 2180 m; Rams Head North 2177 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainmostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast
Natural Hazardscyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires volcanism: volcanic activity on Heard and McDonald Islands
Natural Resourcebauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum note: Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports
Land Usearable land: 6.16% (includes about 27 million hectares of cultivated grassland)
permanent crops: 0.05%
other: 93.79% (2011)
Climategenerally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north
Irrigated Land25,460 sq km (2006)
Renewable Water Resources492 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessoil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural freshwater resources
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesSydney; Melbourne; Brisbane; Perth; Adelaide

Important Cities
Geography-noteworld's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; the largest country in Oceania, the largest country entirely in the Southern Hemisphere, and the largest country without land borders; the only continent without glaciers; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; the invigorating sea breeze known as the "Fremantle Doctor" affects the city of Perth on the west coast and is one of the most consistent winds in the world
Important Rivers