unbekannter Gast

Australia: People & Society#

Population22,507,617 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.09% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18% (male 2,075,316/female 1,969,645)
15-24 years: 13.3% (male 1,534,947/female 1,457,250)
25-54 years: 41.8% (male 4,783,473/female 4,626,603)
55-64 years: 15.1% (male 1,321,246/female 1,341,329)
65 years and over: 14.7% (male 1,569,197/female 1,828,611) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate12.19 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.07 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.43 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.74 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 76.8%, Mandarin 1.6%, Italian 1.4%, Arabic 1.3%, Greek 1.2%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.1%, other 10.4%, unspecified 5% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.07 years
male: 79.63 years
female: 84.64 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Australian(s)
adjective: Australian
Net migration rate5.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 28.8% (Anglican 17.1%, Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%, Baptist, 1.6%, Lutheran 1.2%, Pentecostal 1.1%), Catholic 25.3%, Eastern Orthodox 2.6%, other Christian 4.5%, Buddhist 2.5%, Muslim 2.2%, Hindu 1.3%, other 8.5%, unspecified 2.2%, none 22.3%
note: percentages add up to more than 100% due to rounding (2006 Census)
Total fertility rate1.77 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2012)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS20,000 (2012)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2012)
Median agetotal: 38.3 years
male: 37.5 years
female: 39 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years
male: 19 years
female: 20 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 89% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2011 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2011 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 399,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.2% (2007)
Health expenditures9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.85 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.8% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11.7%
male: 12.4%
female: 11% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.5 (2006 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate72.3%
note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2005)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 28.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 21.5 %
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2013)