unbekannter Gast

Fiji: People & Society#

Population903,207 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.7% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 28.2% (male 130,013/female 124,423)
15-24 years: 17.1% (male 78,751/female 75,358)
25-54 years: 41.1% (male 190,035/female 181,268)
55-64 years: 7.8% (male 35,616/female 34,920)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 24,282/female 28,541) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate19.86 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate6 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsiTaukei 56.8% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.5%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 4.5% (European, part European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese)
note: a 2010 law replaces 'Fijian' with 'iTuakei' when referring to the original and native settlers of Fiji (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 10.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.24 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.15 years
male: 69.53 years
female: 74.91 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.7%
male: 95.5%
female: 91.9% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Fijian(s)
adjective: Fijian
Net migration rate-6.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 45% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 3.9%, and Anglican 0.8%), Hindu 27.9%, other Christian 10.4%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other 0.3%, none 0.8% (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate2.51 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.2% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS900 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.9 years
male: 27.7 years
female: 28.1 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years (2011)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2011)
Urbanizationurban population: 52.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.55% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 92.2% of population
total: 96.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 7.8% of population
total: 3.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 92.1% of population
rural: 81.7% of population
total: 87.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 7.9% of population
rural: 18.3% of population
total: 12.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSUVA (capital) 177,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate26 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.3% (2004)
Health expenditures3.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.43 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate30.6% (2008)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 8.6 %
potential support ratio: 11.6 (2014 est.)