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Nauru: People & Society#

Population9,488 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.56% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 32.5% (male 1,359/female 1,720)
15-24 years: 16.9% (male 828/female 773)
25-54 years: 42.7% (male 2,013/female 2,040)
55-64 years: 6% (male 228/female 343)
65 years and over: 1.8% (male 73/female 111) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 0.84 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.9 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate25.61 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.9 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 8.21 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.54 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesNauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes I-Kiribati 2% and Chinese 2%)
note: percentages represent main language spoken at home; Nauruan is spoken by 95% of the population, English by 66%, and other languages by 12% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 66.4 years
male: 62.3 years
female: 69.83 years (2014 est.)
LiteracyNA
Nationalitynoun: Nauruan(s)
adjective: Nauruan
Net migration rate-14.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 60.4% (includes Nauru Congregational 35.7%, Assembly of God 13%, Nauru Independent Church 9.5%, Baptist 1.5%, and Seventh Day Adventist .7%), Roman Catholic 33%, other 3.7%, none 1.8%, unspecified 1.1% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate2.93 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 25.3 years
male: 25.6 years
female: 25 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 10 years (2008)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 100% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.59% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 96.3% of population
total: 96.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.7% of population
total: 3.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 65.6% of population
total: 65.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 34.4% of population
total: 34.4% of population (2012 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.8% (2007)
Health expenditures9.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.71 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate71.1% (2008)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.1
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2007 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate35.6% (2007)