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Samoa: People & Society#

Population196,628
note: prior estimates used official net migration data by sex, but a highly unusual pattern for 1993 lead to a significant imbalance in the sex ratios (more men and fewer women) and a seeming reduction in the female population; the revised total was calculated using a 1993 number that was an average of the 1992 and 1994 migration figures (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.59% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 33.4% (male 33,842/female 31,749)
15-24 years: 20.1% (male 20,227/female 19,200)
25-54 years: 35.2% (male 35,872/female 33,355)
55-64 years: 6% (male 5,955/female 5,770)
65 years and over: 5.4% (male 4,647/female 6,011) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate21.29 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.32 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4% (2001 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 20.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.18 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 16.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSamoan (Polynesian) (official), English
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.21 years
male: 70.32 years
female: 76.24 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99%
female: 98.6% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Samoan(s)
adjective: Samoan
Net migration rate-10.12 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 57.4% (Congregationalist 31.8%, Methodist 13.7%, Assembly of God 8%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.9%), Roman Catholic 19.4%, Mormon 15.2%, Worship Centre 1.7%, other Christian 5.5%, other 0.7%, none 0.1%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate2.94 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 23.1 years
male: 22.9 years
female: 23.4 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2000)
Education expenditures5.8% of GDP (2008)
Urbanizationurban population: 19.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: -0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 97.4% of population
rural: 98.8% of population
total: 98.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.6% of population
rural: 1.2% of population
total: 1.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 93.3% of population
rural: 91.1% of population
total: 91.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.7% of population
rural: 8.9% of population
total: 8.4% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationAPIA (capital) 37,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate100 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.48 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate54.1% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 16.1%
male: 13.8%
female: 22.2% (2011)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate28.7% (2009)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 74.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 65.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9 %
potential support ratio: 11.1 (2014 est.)