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Tonga: Geography#

LocationOceania, archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic Coordinates20 00 S, 175 00 W -20.0,-175.0
Area total: 747 sq km
land: 717 sq km
water: 30 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline419 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on Kao Island 1,033 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmost islands have limestone base formed from uplifted coral formation; others have limestone overlying volcanic base
Natural Hazardscyclones (October to April); earthquakes and volcanic activity on Fonuafo'ou volcanism: moderate volcanic activity; Fonualei (elev. 180 m) has shown frequent activity in recent years, while Niuafo'ou (elev. 260 m), which last erupted in 1985, has forced evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Late and Tofua
Natural Resourcefish, fertile soil
Land Usearable land: 21.33%
permanent crops: 14.67%
other: 64% (2011)
Climatetropical; modified by trade winds; warm season (December to May), cool season (May to December)
Irrigated LandNA
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation results as more and more land is being cleared for agriculture and settlement; some damage to coral reefs from starfish and indiscriminate coral and shell collectors; overhunting threatens native sea turtle populations
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Nukualofa; Mua; Neiafu; Haveloloto; Tofoa-Koloua
According to Geonames: Nuku; Neiafu; Haveluloto; Vaini; Pangai

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Geography-notearchipelago of 169 islands (36 inhabited)