unbekannter Gast

Tonga: People & Society#

Population106,440 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.09% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 35.6% (male 19,272/female 18,661)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 10,514/female 10,016)
25-54 years: 33.3% (male 17,717/female 17,732)
55-64 years: 5.5% (male 2,852/female 3,013)
65 years and over: 6.2% (male 3,044/female 3,619) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate23.55 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate4.86 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsTongan 96.6%, part-Tongan 1.7%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.36 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.78 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEnglish and Tongan 87%, Tongan (official) 10.7%, English (official) 1.2%, other 1.1%, uspecified 0.03% (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.82 years
male: 74.35 years
female: 77.34 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: can read and write Tongan and/or English
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99.1% (2006 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Tongan(s)
adjective: Tongan
Net migration rate-17.85 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 64.9% (includes Free Wesleyan Church 37.3%, Free Church of Tonga 11.4%, Church of Tonga 7.2%, Tokaikolo Christian Church 2.6%, Assembly of God 2.3% Seventh Day Adventist 2.2%, Constitutional Church of Tonga .9%, Anglican .8% and Full Gospel Church .2%), Mormon 16.8%, Roman Catholic 15.6%, other 1.1%, none 0.03%, unspecified 1.7% (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate3.36 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 22 years
male: 21.6 years
female: 22.5 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2002)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2004)
Urbanizationurban population: 23% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.84% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 88.9% of population
total: 91.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 11.1% of population
total: 8.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationNUKU'ALOFA 25,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate110 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.56 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2.6 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate57.6% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 11.9%
male: 9.9%
female: 15.1% (2003)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 75.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 64.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 10.3 %
potential support ratio: 9.7 (2014 est.)