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Belarus: Geography#

LocationEastern Europe, east of Poland
Geographic Coordinates53 00 N, 28 00 E 53.0,28.0
Area total: 207,600 sq km
land: 202,900 sq km
water: 4,700 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 3,599 km
border countries: Latvia 161 km, Lithuania 640 km, Poland 375 km, Russia 1,312 km, Ukraine 1,111 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Nyoman River 90 m
highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m
Highest Mountains
Terraingenerally flat and contains much marshland
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcetimber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay
Land Usearable land: 26.63%
permanent crops: 0.59%
other: 72.78% (2011)
Climatecold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime
Irrigated Land1,150 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources58 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessoil pollution from pesticide use; southern part of the country contaminated with fallout from 1986 nuclear reactor accident at Chornobyl' in northern Ukraine
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesMinsk; Homel; Mahiljow; Vitebsk; Hrodna
Minsk; Gomel; Mahilyow; Vitebsk; Hrodna
[List Verified]
Explanation: "Gomel and Homel are alternate names"
Important Cities
Geography-notelandlocked; glacial scouring accounts for the flatness of Belarusian terrain and for its 11,000 lakes
Important Rivers