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Bosnia and Herzegovina: People & Society#

Population3,871,643 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.11% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.7% (male 272,812/female 256,152)
15-24 years: 12.7% (male 255,074/female 238,428)
25-54 years: 46.7% (male 906,265/female 899,870)
55-64 years: 13.7% (male 253,045/female 276,769)
65 years and over: 13.3% (male 199,515/female 313,713) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate8.89 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate9.64 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsBosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6% (2000)
note: Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.84 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.91 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesBosnian (official), Croatian (official), Serbian (official)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.33 years
male: 73.33 years
female: 79.55 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98%
male: 99.5%
female: 96.7% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Net migration rate-0.38 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14%
Total fertility rate1.26 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS900 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths100 (2001 est.)
Median agetotal: 40.8 years
male: 39.4 years
female: 42.2 years (2014 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 48.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.86% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99.5% of population
total: 99.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 0.5% of population
total: 0.4% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 95.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 4.6% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSARAJEVO (capital) 389,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.5% (2012)
Health expenditures10.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.69 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.5% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 62.8%
male: 62.8%
female: 62.8% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 24,722
percentage: 5 % (2006 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.3 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate45.8% (2012)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 44.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 22 %
elderly dependency ratio: 22.7 %
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2014 est.)