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Estonia: Geography#

LocationEastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Geographic Coordinates59 00 N, 26 00 E 59.0,26.0
Area total: 45,228 sq km
land: 42,388 sq km
water: 2,840 sq km
note: includes 1,520 islands in the Baltic Sea
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 45228
DBpedia: 45099
Geoname: 45226
Infoplease: 0
Britannica: 45227
Wolfram: 45228

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 657 km
border countries: Latvia 333 km, Russia 324 km
Coastline3,794 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Suur Munamagi 318 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmarshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south
Natural Hazardssometimes flooding occurs in the spring
Natural Resourceoil shale, peat, rare earth elements, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud
Land Usearable land: 13.97%
permanent crops: 0.13%
other: 85.89% (2011)
Climatemaritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Irrigated Land4.58 sq km (2010)
Renewable Water Resources12.81 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily, the emissions of 2000 were 80% less than in 1980; the amount of unpurified wastewater discharged to water bodies in 2000 was 1/20 the level of 1980; in connection with the start-up of new water purification plants, the pollution load of wastewater decreased; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesTallinn; Tartu; Narva; Kohtla-Jarve; Parnu
[Verified]
Important Cities
Geography-notethe mainland terrain is flat, boggy, and partly wooded; offshore lie more than 1,500 islands
Important Rivers
Important Lakes