unbekannter Gast

Estonia: People & Society#

Population1,257,921 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.68% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.6% (male 101,018/female 95,204)
15-24 years: 11.2% (male 72,318/female 68,373)
25-54 years: 41.5% (male 250,244/female 271,450)
55-64 years: 13.2% (male 71,518/female 94,029)
65 years and over: 18.2% (male 77,492/female 156,275) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.49 male(s)/female
total population: 0.84 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.29 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.69 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsEstonian 68.7%, Russian 24.8%, Ukrainian 1.7%, Belarusian 1%, Finn 0.6%, other 1.6%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.81 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesEstonian (official) 68.5%, Russian 29.6%, Ukrainian 0.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.07 years
male: 68.85 years
female: 79.61 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Estonian(s)
adjective: Estonian
Net migration rate-3.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 9.9%, Orthodox 16.2%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 2.2%, other 0.9%, none 54.1%, unspecified 16.7% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.46 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.2% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,900 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.2 years
male: 37.6 years
female: 44.5 years (2014 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2013)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2010)
Education expenditures5.7% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 69.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.02% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 97.6% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 2.4% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 95.8% of population
rural: 93.8% of population
total: 95.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.2% of population
rural: 6.2% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTALLINN (capital) 400,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate2 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures6% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.34 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density5.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.6% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 20.9%
male: 23.4%
female: 17.9% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.4 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate63.4%
note: percent of women aged 18-49 (2005)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52 %
youth dependency ratio: 24.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 27.7 %
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2014 est.)