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Finland: Geography#

LocationNorthern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia
Geographic Coordinates64 00 N, 26 00 E 64.0,26.0
Area total: 338,145 sq km
land: 303,815 sq km
water: 34,330 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 338145
DBpedia: 338242
Geoname: 337030
Infoplease: 338145
Britannica: 390903
Wolfram: 338145

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 2,563 km
border countries: Norway 709 km, Sweden 545 km, Russia 1,309 km
Coastline1,250 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Halti (alternatively Haltia, Haltitunturi, Haltiatunturi) 1,328 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Mount Haltia 1328 m
According to Geonames: Saana 1029 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainmostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcetimber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone
Land Usearable land: 6.65%
permanent crops: 0.01%
other: 93.34% (2011)
Climatecold temperate; potentially subarctic but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes
Irrigated Land685.8 sq km (2010)
Renewable Water Resources110 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Helsinki; Espoo; Tampere; Oulu; Vantaa
According to Geonames: Helsinki; Espoo; Tampere; Vantaa; Turku

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notelong boundary with Russia; Helsinki is northernmost national capital on European continent; population concentrated on small southwestern coastal plain
Important Rivers
Important Lakes