unbekannter Gast

Finland: People & Society#

Population5,268,799 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.05% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.8% (male 423,011/female 408,664)
15-24 years: 12.1% (male 326,140/female 313,621)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 1,021,798/female 983,423)
55-64 years: 14.2% (male 368,355/female 379,957)
65 years and over: 19.2% (male 439,014/female 604,816) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.35 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.51 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsFinn 93.4%, Swede 5.6%, Russian 0.5%, Estonian 0.3%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.1%, Sami 0.1% (2006)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.36 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.65 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesFinnish (official) 94.2%, Swedish (official) 5.5%, other (small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities) 0.2% (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.69 years
male: 76.24 years
female: 83.29 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2000 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Finn(s)
adjective: Finnish
Net migration rate0.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsLutheran 78.4%, Orthodox 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.2%, none 19.2% (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate1.73 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS2,600 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 43.2 years
male: 41.2 years
female: 45 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2011)
Education expenditures6.8% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 83.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.47% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationHELSINKI (capital) 1.134 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures8.9% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.9 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density5.9 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 17.7%
male: 17.6%
female: 17.9% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.4 (2011 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 56.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 25.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 31 %
potential support ratio: 3.2 (2014 est.)