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Iceland: People & Society#

Population317,351 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.65% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19.7% (male 31,660/female 30,720)
15-24 years: 14.5% (male 23,116/female 22,742)
25-54 years: 40.7% (male 65,218/female 64,102)
55-64 years: 11.6% (male 18,644/female 18,225)
65 years and over: 13.2% (male 19,754/female 23,170) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate13.09 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate7.13 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupshomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.15 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesIcelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.22 years
male: 78.98 years
female: 83.54 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Icelander(s)
adjective: Icelandic
Net migration rate0.52 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsEvangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 76.2%, Roman Catholic 3.4%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.9%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 3.6% (includes Pentecostal and Asatru Association), none 5.2%, other or unspecified 5.9% (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.88 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 36.4 years
male: 35.9 years
female: 36.9 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 19 years
male: 18 years
female: 20 years (2011)
Education expenditures7.6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 93.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.27% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationREYKJAVIK (capital) 206,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures9.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.46 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density5.8 beds/1,000 population (2007)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate23.2% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 13.6%
male: 14.7%
female: 12.4% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth27 (2011 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 31.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 19.7 %
potential support ratio: 5.1 (2014 est.)