The capital and largest city is Reykjavík.
Its high latitude and marine influence still keeps summers chilly, with most of the archipelago having a tundra climate.
Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world.
Most Icelanders are descendants of Germanic and Gaelic (Celtic) settlers.
Iceland has the smallest population of any NATO member and is the only one with no standing army, its lightly armed coast guard being in charge of defence.
From 1262 to 1814, Iceland was ruled by Norway and afterwards by Denmark.
Iceland became independent in 1918 and a republic in 1944.
In 1994, it became a part of the European Economic Area, which supported diversification into economic and financial services.
In 2013, it was ranked as the 13th most-developed country in the world by the United Nations' Human Development Index.
Affected by the ongoing worldwide financial crisis, the nation's entire banking system systemically failed in October 2008, leading to a severe depression, substantial political unrest, the Icesave dispute, and the institution of capital controls.
- The largest river in Iceland is Olfusa which is 1020 km.
- The largest export partner of Iceland is Netherlands.
- The largest import partner of Iceland is Norway.
- There are 50 seaports in Iceland.
Special Facts about Nobel Prize winners#Iceland has only 1 Nobel Prize winner Halldór Kiljan Laxness. (Counting winners if born in Iceland)
Tourist Attraction#The volcanic island of Videy is just a short ferry ride from Iceland's capital, Reykjavik.
- The national bird of Iceland is Gyrfalcon.
- Mountain Avens is the national flower of Iceland
- Text marked as italic is taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland unter CC