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Latvia: Geography#

LocationEastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania
Geographic Coordinates57 00 N, 25 00 E 57.0,25.0
Area total: 64,589 sq km
land: 62,249 sq km
water: 2,340 sq km
[Verified in 8 databases]
Land boundariestotal: 1,382 km
border countries: Belarus 171 km, Estonia 343 km, Lithuania 576 km, Russia 292 km
Coastline498 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
highest point: Gaizina Kalns 312 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainlow plain
Natural HazardsNA
Natural Resourcepeat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land
Land Usearable land: 17.96%
permanent crops: 0.11%
other: 81.93% (2011)
Climatemaritime; wet, moderate winters
Irrigated Land8.3 sq km note: land in Latvia is often too wet and in need of drainage not irrigation; approximately 16,000 sq km or 85% of agricultural land has been improved by drainage (2007)
Renewable Water Resources35.45 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesLatvia's environment has benefited from a shift to service industries after the country regained independence; the main environmental priorities are improvement of drinking water quality and sewage system, household, and hazardous waste management, as well as reduction of air pollution; in 2001, Latvia closed the EU accession negotiation chapter on environment committing to full enforcement of EU environmental directives by 2010
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Riga; Daugavpils; Liepaja; Jelgava; Jurmala
According to Geonames: Riga; Daugavpils; Vec-Liepaja; Liepaja; Jelgava

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notemost of the country is composed of fertile low-lying plains with some hills in the east