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Luxembourg: People & Society#

Population520,672 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.12% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.9% (male 47,968/female 45,100)
15-24 years: 12.7% (male 33,657/female 32,212)
25-54 years: 42.1% (male 109,528/female 109,662)
55-64 years: 12% (male 31,076/female 31,212)
65 years and over: 15.2% (male 33,892/female 46,365) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate11.75 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.53 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsLuxembourger 63.1%, Portuguese 13.3%, French 4.5%, Italian 4.3%, German 2.3%, other EU 7.3%, other 5.2% (2000 census)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.28 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.32 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.24 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesLuxembourgish (official administrative language and national language (spoken vernacular)), French (official administrative language), German (official administrative language)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 80.01 years
male: 76.77 years
female: 83.46 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100% (2000 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Luxembourger(s)
adjective: Luxembourg
Net migration rate7.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000)
Total fertility rate1.77 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.6 years
male: 38.5 years
female: 40.7 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2010)
Education expenditures3.7% of GDP (2001)
Urbanizationurban population: 85.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.62% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLUXEMBOURG (capital) 94,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate20 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures7.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.78 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density5.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 18.8%
male: 18.9%
female: 18.6% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth30.2
note: data are based on events and not on fertility rates (2012 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 46.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 25.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 21 %
potential support ratio: 4.8 (2014 est.)