unbekannter Gast

Moldova: People & Society#

Population3,583,288 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-1.02% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.7% (male 326,968/female 306,948)
15-24 years: 14.2% (male 262,559/female 246,283)
25-54 years: 43.9% (male 785,392/female 786,421)
55-64 years: 13.1% (male 214,899/female 255,046)
65 years and over: 10.7% (male 151,629/female 247,143) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate12.21 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsMoldovan 75.8%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.9%, Gagauz 4.4%, Romanian 2.2%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1%, unspecified 0.4%
note: internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region (2004 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 12.93 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 14.82 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesMoldovan 58.8% (official; virtually the same as the Romanian language), Romanian 16.4%, Russian 16%, Ukrainian 3.8%, Gagauz 3.1% (a Turkish language), Bulgarian 1.1%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.4%
note: percentages represent lanugage usually spoken (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.12 years
male: 66.25 years
female: 74.24 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.5% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Moldovan(s)
adjective: Moldovan
Net migration rate-9.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsOrthodox 93.3%, Baptist 1%, other Christian 1.2%, other 0.9%, atheist 0.4%, none 1%, unspecified 2.2% (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate1.56 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.7% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS18,700 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,300 (2012 est.)
Median agetotal: 35.7 years
male: 33.9 years
female: 37.7 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2012)
Education expenditures8.4% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 47.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.79% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 93.7% of population
total: 96.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 6.3% of population
total: 3.5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 89.2% of population
rural: 84.4% of population
total: 86.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.8% of population
rural: 15.6% of population
total: 13.3% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationCHISINAU (capital) 677,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate41 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.2% (2005)
Health expenditures11.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.64 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density6.2 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.2% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 13.1%
male: 12.8%
female: 13.4% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 72,364
percentage: 16 % (2009 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.7 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate67.8% (2005)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 39.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 23.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 16.1 %
potential support ratio: 6.2 (2014 est.)