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Norway: People & Society#

Population5,147,792 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.19% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.2% (male 480,176/female 456,128)
15-24 years: 13.1% (male 347,873/female 329,021)
25-54 years: 40.8% (male 1,080,339/female 1,021,370)
55-64 years: 11.7% (male 305,094/female 298,134)
65 years and over: 16.8% (male 375,909/female 453,748) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate12.09 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.19 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsNorwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 estimate)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 2.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.79 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesBokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
note: Sami is an official language in nine municipalities
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.6 years
male: 79.63 years
female: 83.69 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100%
Nationalitynoun: Norwegian(s)
adjective: Norwegian
Net migration rate7.96 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsChurch of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.86 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS4,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.1 years
male: 38.2 years
female: 39.9 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2011)
Education expenditures6.9% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 79.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.03% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationOSLO (capital) 915,000 (2011)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures9.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.7 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density3.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.5% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 8.6%
male: 10%
female: 7.2% (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.5
note: data is calculated based on actual age at first births (2012 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate88.4%
note: percent of women aged 20-44 (2005)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 53.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 28.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 24.7 %
potential support ratio: 4.1 (2014 est.)