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Portugal: Geography#

LocationSouthwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Spain
Geographic Coordinates39 30 N, 8 00 W 39.5,-8.0
Area total: 92,090 sq km
land: 91,470 sq km
water: 620 sq km
note: includes Azores and Madeira Islands
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 92090
DBpedia: 92211
Geoname: 92391
Infoplease: 92391
Britannica: 92212
Wolfram: 92090

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 1,214 km
border countries: Spain 1,214 km
Coastline1,793 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Ponta do Pico (Pico or Pico Alto) on Ilha do Pico in the Azores 2,351 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Montanha Do Pico 2351 m; Serra Da Estrela 1993 m; Cantaro Magro 1978 m; Nevosa 1534 m
According to Geonames: Ponta do Pico 2351 m; Piguinho 2351 m; Serra da Estrela - Torre 1993 m; Alto do Talefe 1982 m; Pico Ruivo de Santana 1862 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Terrainmountainous north of the Tagus River, rolling plains in south
Natural HazardsAzores subject to severe earthquakes volcanism: limited volcanic activity in the Azores Islands; Fayal or Faial (elev. 1,043 m) last erupted in 1958; most volcanoes have not erupted in centuries; historically active volcanoes include Agua de Pau, Furnas, Pico, Picos Volcanic System, San Jorge, Sete Cidades, and Terceira
Natural Resourcefish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 11.88%
permanent crops: 7.71%
other: 80.41% (2011)
Climatemaritime temperate; cool and rainy in north, warmer and drier in south
Irrigated Land5,837 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources68.7 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessoil erosion; air pollution caused by industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution, especially in coastal areas
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Environmental Modification
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Lisbon; Vila Nova de Gaia; Porto; Amadora; Braga
According to Geonames: Lisbon; Porto; Amadora; Braga; Setúbal

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteAzores and Madeira Islands occupy strategic locations along western sea approaches to Strait of Gibraltar