unbekannter Gast

Portugal: People & Society#

Population10,813,834 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.12% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.9% (male 893,902/female 821,062)
15-24 years: 11.4% (male 654,102/female 579,440)
25-54 years: 42.2% (male 2,304,503/female 2,260,556)
55-64 years: 11.9% (male 599,380/female 685,279)
65 years and over: 18.4% (male 824,062/female 1,191,548) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate9.42 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.97 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupshomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.48 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesPortuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.01 years
male: 75.76 years
female: 82.47 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97%
female: 94% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese
Net migration rate2.74 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%
notes: represents population 15 years of age and older (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate1.52 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.6% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS42,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.1 years
male: 39 years
female: 43.3 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2010)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2010)
Urbanizationurban population: 61.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 99.9% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 0.1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLISBON (capital) 2.843 million; Porto 1.367 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate8 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures10.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density3.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate24% (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 37.6%
male: 36.4%
female: 39.1% (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 36,569
percentage: 3 %
note: data represents children ages 6-14 (2001 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth29.2 (2011 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate86.8% (2005/06)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 22.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 28.7 %
potential support ratio: 3.5 (2014 est.)