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Romania: Geography#

LocationSoutheastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine
Geographic Coordinates46 00 N, 25 00 E 46.0,25.0
Area total: 238,391 sq km
land: 229,891 sq km
water: 8,500 sq km
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 238391
DBpedia: 238390
Geoname: 237500
Infoplease: 237500
Britannica: 238391
Wolfram: 238391

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 2,508 km
border countries: Bulgaria 608 km, Hungary 443 km, Moldova 450 km, Serbia 476 km, Ukraine (north) 362 km, Ukraine (east) 169 km
Coastline225 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Moldoveanu 2545 m; Negoiu 2537 m; Vistea Mare 2527 m; Lespezi 2522 m; Parangul Mare 2522 m
According to Geonames: Negoiu 2535 m; Vârful Peleaga 2509 m; Papusa 2508 m; Retezat 2482 m; Pietrosul 2303 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terraincentral Transylvanian Basin is separated from the Moldavian Plateau on the east by the Eastern Carpathian Mountains and separated from the Walachian Plain on the south by the Transylvanian Alps
Natural Hazardsearthquakes, most severe in south and southwest; geologic structure and climate promote landslides
Natural Resourcepetroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 37.73%
permanent crops: 1.86%
other: 60.41% (2011)
Climatetemperate; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog; sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
Irrigated Land6,153 sq km (2007)
Renewable Water Resources211.9 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuessoil erosion and degradation; water pollution; air pollution in south from industrial effluents; contamination of Danube delta wetlands
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Bucharest; Cluj-Napoca; Iasi; Constanta; Timisoara
According to Geonames: Bucharest; Iasi; Cluj-Napoca; Timisoara; Craiova

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-notecontrols most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine
Important Rivers