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Modern Romania emerged within the territories of the ancient Roman province of Dacia, and was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
During World War II, Romania was an ally of Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union, fighting side by side with the Wehrmacht until 1944, then it joined the Allied powers after being occupied by the Red Army forces.
After the 1989 Revolution, Romania began a transition back towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. Following rapid economic growth in the 2000s, Romania has an economy predominantly based on services, and is a producer and net exporter of machines and electric energy, featuring companies like Automobile Dacia and OMV Petrom. It has been a member of NATO since 2004, and part of the European Union since 2007.

With its 19.94 million inhabitants, it is the seventh most populous member state of the European Union.

Its capital and largest city, Bucharest, is the sixth largest city in the EU.

The Carpathian Mountains, with their tallest peak Moldoveanu at 2,544 m (8,346 ft), cross Romania from the north to the southwest.

  • Romania has largest boundary with Bulgaria which is approximately 608 km .
  • Romania has shortest boundary with Ukraine (east) which is approximately 169 km .
  • The largest river in Romania is Danube which is 2850 km.
  • The largest export partner of Romania is Germany.
  • The largest import partner of Romania is Germany.
  • There are 39 seaports in Romania.

National Facts of Romania#

  • The national bird of Romania is "Great white pelican".
  • The national animal of Romania is Lynx.
  • Dog Rose (Rosa Canina)is the national flower of Romania
  • The national sport of Romania is Oinä.
  • The national dance of Romania Hora.

Lynx, Foto source: PixaBay
Foto source: PixaBay
Pelican, Foto source: PixaBay
Foto source: PixaBay


  1. Text marked as italics is taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romania unter CC