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Serbia: Government#

Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Serbia
conventional short form: Serbia
local long form: Republika Srbija
local short form: Srbija
former: People's Republic of Serbia, Socialist Republic of Serbia
CapitalBelgrade (Beograd) Belgrade (Beograd)
geographic coordinates: 44 50 N, 20 30 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions122 municipalities (opstine, singular - opstina) and 23 cities (gradovi, singular - grad)
municipalities: Ada, Aleksandrovac, Aleksinac, Alibunar, Apatin, Arandelovac, Arilje, Babusnica, Bac, Backa Palanka, Backa Topola, Backi Petrovac, Bajina Basta, Batocina, Becej, Bela Crkva, Bela Palanka, Beocin, Blace, Bogatic, Bojnik, Boljevac, Bor, Bosilegrad, Brus, Bujanovac, Cajetina, Cicevac, Coka, Crna Trava, Cuprija, Despotovac, Dimitrov, Doljevac, Gadzin Han, Golubac, Gornji Milanovac, Indija, Irig, Ivanjica, Kanjiza, Kikinda, Kladovo, Knic, Knjazevac, Koceljeva, Kosjeric, Kovacica, Kovin, Krupanj, Kucevo, Kula, Kursumlija, Lajkovac, Lapovo, Lebane, Ljig, Ljubovija, Lucani, Majdanpek, Mali Idos, Mali Zvornik, Malo Crnice, Medveda, Merosina, Mionica, Negotin, Nova Crnja, Nova Varos, Novi Becej, Novi Knezevac, Odzaci, Opovo, Osecina, Paracin, Pecinci, Petrovac na Mlavi, Pirot, Plandiste, Pozega, Presevo, Priboj, Prijepolje, Prokuplje, Raca, Raska, Razanj, Rekovac, Ruma, Secanj, Senta, Sid, Sjenica, Smederevska Palanka, Sokobanja, Srbobran, Sremski Karlovci, Stara Pazova, Surdulica, Svilajnac, Svrljig, Temerin, Titel, Topola, Trgoviste, Trstenik, Tutin, Ub, Varvarin, Velika Plana, Veliko Gradiste, Vladicin Han, Vladimirci, Vlasotince, Vrbas, Vrnjacka Banja, Vrsac, Zabalj, Zabari, Zagubica, Zitiste, Zitorada
cities: Beograd, Cacak, Jagodina, Kragujevac, Kraljevo, Krusevac, Leskovac, Loznica, Nis, Novi Pazar, Novi Sad, Pancevo, Pozarevac, Sabac, Smederevo, Sombor, Sremska Mitrovica, Subotica, Uzice, Vajevo, Vranje, Zajecar, Zrenjanin
Constitutionmany previous; latest approved by referendum 28-29 October 2006, adopted 30 September 2006, effective 8 November 2006 (2011)
Executive branchchief of state: President Tomislav NIKOLIC (since 31 May 2012)
head of government: Prime Minister Aleksandar VUCIC (since 22 April 2014)
cabinet: Republican Ministries act as cabinet
elections: president elected by direct vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 May 2012 (next to be held in 2017); prime minister elected by the National Assembly
election results: Tomislav NIKOLIC elected president in runoff election; percent of vote - NIKOLIC 51.2%, Boris TADIC 48.8%
Flag descriptionthree equal horizontal stripes of red (top), blue, and white - the Pan-Slav colors representing freedom and revolutionary ideals; charged with the coat of arms of Serbia shifted slightly to the hoist side; the principal field of the coat of arms represents the Serbian state and displays a white two-headed eagle on a red shield; a smaller red shield on the eagle represents the Serbian nation, and is divided into four quarters by a white cross; interpretations vary as to the meaning and origin of the white, curved symbols resembling firesteels or Cyrillic "C's" in each quarter; a royal crown surmounts the coat of arms
note: the Pan-Slav colors were inspired by the 19th-century flag of Russia
Independence5 June 2006 (from Serbia and Montenegro)
Judicial branchhighest court(s): Supreme Court of Cassation (consists of more than 60 judges organized into 3- and 5-member panels for criminal, civil, and administrative cases); Constitutional Court (consists of 15 judges)
note - in 2003, specialized panels on war crimes were established within the Serbian court system; the panels have jurisdiction over alleged violations of the Basic Criminal Code and crimes against humanity, international law, and criminal acts as defined by the Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court justices proposed by the High Judicial Council (HJC), an 11-member body of which 7 are judges, and elected by the National Assembly; Constitutional Court judges appointed - 5 each by the National Assembly, the president, and the Supreme Court of Cassation; judges of both courts appointed to permanent tenure by the HJC
subordinate courts: appellate courts, higher courts, and municipal and district courts; courts of special jurisdiction include the Administrative Court, Appellate Commercial Court, and two levels of misdemeanor courts
Legal systemcivil law system
Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly (250 seats; deputies elected according to party lists to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held on 16 March 2016 (next to be held by March 2020)
election results: percent of vote by party/coalition - SNS-led Coalition 48.4%, SPS/PUPS/JS 13.5%, DS 6.0%, Boris Tadic Coalition 5.7%, DSS 4.2%, Dveri 3.6%, LDP-led Coalition 3.4%, URS 3.0%, SVM 2.1%, Enough of that 4.3%, SRS 2.0%, SDA 1.0%, PDD .7%, other and invalid 1.2%; seats by party/coalition - SNS-led Coalition 158, SPS/PUPS/JS 44, DS 19, Boris Tadic Coalition 18, SVM 6, SDA 3, PDD 2
International organization participationBIS, BSEC, CD, CE, CEI, EAPC, EBRD, EU (candidate country), FAO, G-9, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MONUSCO, NAM (observer), OAS (observer), OIF (observer), OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SELEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
National holidayNational Day, 15 February
Political pressure groups and leaders1389 (Serbian nationalist movement)
Dveri - Movement for the Life of Serbia (Bosko OBRADOVIC)
Obraz (Orthodox clero-fascist organization)
SNP NASI (Serbian National Movement NASI)
Political parties and leadersAlliance of Vojvodina Hungarians or SVM (Istvan PASZTOR)
Boris Tadic Coalition (Boris TADIC) (includes New Democratic Party-Greens or NDS-Z (Boris TADIC), League of Social Democrats of Vojvodina or LSV (Nenad CANAK), Together for Serbia or ZSS (Dusan PETROVIC), Democratic Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians or VMDK (Aron CSONKA), Together for Vojvodina (Olena PAPUGA), Democratic Left of Roma or DLR (Jovan DAMJANOVIC))
Democratic Party of Serbia or DSS (Aleksandar Popovic)
Enough of That (Sasa RADULOVIC)
Party for Democratic Action or PDD (Riza HALIMI)
Party of Democratic Action of the Sandzak or SDA (Sulejman UGLJANIN)
Serbian Radical Party or SRS (Vojislav SESELJ)
SNS-led Coalition/A Future We Believe In (Aleksandar VUCIC) (includes Serbian Progressive Party or SNS (Aleksandar VUCIC), Social Democratic Party of Serbia or SDPS (Rasim LJAJIC), New Serbia or NS (Velimir ILIC), Movement of Socialists or PS (Aleksandar VULIN), and Serbian Renewal Movement or SPO (Vuk DRASKOVIC))
United Regions of Serbia (Mladan DINKIC)
With Democratic Party for Democratic Serbia/Democratic Party or DS (Dragan DJILAS)
SPS/PUPS/JS (Ivica DACIC) (includes Socialist Party of Serbia or SPS (Ivica DACIC), Party of United Pensioners of Serbia or PUPS (Jovan KRKOBABIC), United Serbia or JS (Dragan "Palma" MARKOVIC))
LDP-led Coalition (Cedomir JOVANOVIC) (includes Liberal Democratic Party of LDP (Cedomir JOVANOVIC), Bosniak Democratic Union of Sandzak or BDZS (Esad DZUDZEVIC), Social Democratic Union of SDU (Zarko KORAC))
Suffrage18 years of age, 16 if employed; universal
Government typerepublic
Diplomatic representation in the USchief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Vladimir JOVICIC (since 3 December 2013)
chancery: 2134 Kalorama Road NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: (1) (202) 332-0333
FAX: (1) (202) 332-3933
consulate(s) general: Chicago, New York
National anthemname: "Boze pravde" (God of Justice)
lyrics/music: Jovan DORDEVIC/Davorin JENKO
note: adopted 1904; the song was originally written as part of a play in 1872 and has been used as an anthem by the Serbian people throughout the 20th and 21st centuries
International law organization participationhas not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
National symbol(s)double-headed eagle
Diplomatic representation from the USchief of mission: Ambassador Michael KIRBY (since 11 September 2012)
embassy: 92 Bulevar kneza Aleksandra Karadjordjevica, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia
mailing address: 5070 Belgrade Place, Washington, DC 20521-5070
telephone: (381) (11) 706-4000
FAX: (381) (11) 706-4005