unbekannter Gast

United Kingdom: Culture#

World Heritage#

Nobel Prize Winners (92)#

Here persons are counted for the country they born in or if their affiliation is with this country.
NameCategoryYearMotivation
Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt)Physics1904"for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies"
Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil)Peace1937
Edgar Douglas AdrianMedicine1932"for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons"
Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)Peace1933
Sir Edward Victor AppletonPhysics1947"for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer"
Francis William AstonChemistry1922"for his discovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole-number rule"
Charles Glover BarklaPhysics1917"for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements"
Derek H. R. BartonChemistry1969"for their contributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry"
Sir James W. BlackMedicine1988"for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment"
Patrick Maynard Stuart BlackettPhysics1948"for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation"
Lord (John) Boyd Orr of BrechinPeace1949
Sir William Henry BraggPhysics1915"for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays"
Herbert C. BrownChemistry1979"for their development of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis"
James ChadwickPhysics1935"for the discovery of the neutron"
Sir Austen ChamberlainPeace1925
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer ChurchillLiterature1953"for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values"
Ronald H. CoaseEconomics1991"for his discovery and clarification of the significance of transaction costs and property rights for the institutional structure and functioning of the economy"
Sir John Douglas CockcroftPhysics1951"for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles"
Mairead CorriganPeace1976
William Randal CremerPeace1903
Francis Harry Compton CrickMedicine1962"for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material"
Sir Henry Hallett DaleMedicine1936"for their discoveries relating to chemical transmission of nerve impulses"
Christian de DuveMedicine1974"for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell"
Paul Adrien Maurice DiracPhysics1933"for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory"
Robert G. EdwardsMedicine2010"for the development of in vitro fertilization"
Sir Martin J. EvansMedicine2007"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
Sir Alexander FlemingMedicine1945"for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases"
John GalsworthyLiterature1932"for his distinguished art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga"
William GoldingLiterature1983"for his novels which, with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today"
Clive W.J. GrangerEconomics2003"for methods of analyzing economic time series with common trends (cointegration)"
Sir John B. GurdonMedicine2012"for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
Arthur HardenChemistry1929"for their investigations on the fermentation of sugar and fermentative enzymes"
Walter Norman HaworthChemistry1937"for his investigations on carbohydrates and vitamin C"
Seamus HeaneyLiterature1995"for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past"
Arthur HendersonPeace1934
Antony HewishPhysics1974"for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars"
John R. HicksEconomics1972"for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory"
Peter W. HiggsPhysics2013"for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider"
Archibald Vivian HillMedicine1922"for his discovery relating to the production of heat in the muscle"
Sir Cyril Norman HinshelwoodChemistry1956"for their researches into the mechanism of chemical reactions"
Alan Lloyd HodgkinMedicine1963"for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"
Sir Frederick Gowland HopkinsMedicine1929"for his discovery of the growth-stimulating vitamins"
Godfrey N. HounsfieldMedicine1979"for the development of computer assisted tomography"
John HumePeace1998"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"
Tim HuntMedicine2001"for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"
Andrew Fielding HuxleyMedicine1963"for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane"
Niels K. JerneMedicine1984"for theories concerning the specificity in development and control of the immune system and the discovery of the principle for production of monoclonal antibodies"
Brian David JosephsonPhysics1973"for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects"
John Cowdery KendrewChemistry1962"for their studies of the structures of globular proteins"
Sir Harold W. KrotoChemistry1996"for their discovery of fullerenes"
Anthony J. LeggettPhysics2003"for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids"
John James Rickard MacleodMedicine1923"for the discovery of insulin"
Sir Peter MansfieldMedicine2003"for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging"
Archer John Porter MartinChemistry1952"for their invention of partition chromatography"
James E. MeadeEconomics1977"for their pathbreaking contribution to the theory of international trade and international capital movements"
James A. MirrleesEconomics1996"for their fundamental contributions to the economic theory of incentives under asymmetric information"
Peter D. MitchellChemistry1978"for his contribution to the understanding of biological energy transfer through the formulation of the chemiosmotic theory"
Sir Nevill Francis MottPhysics1977"for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems"
Philip J. Noel-BakerPeace1959
Ronald George Wreyford NorrishChemistry1967"for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equlibrium by means of very short pulses of energy"
Sir Paul M. NurseMedicine2001"for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"
Harold PinterLiterature2005"who in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms"
John A. PopleChemistry1998"for his development of computational methods in quantum chemistry"
George PorterChemistry1967"for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equlibrium by means of very short pulses of energy"
Rodney R. PorterMedicine1972"for their discoveries concerning the chemical structure of antibodies"
Cecil Frank PowellPhysics1950"for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method"
Sir William RamsayChemistry1904"in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system"
Owen Willans RichardsonPhysics1928"for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him"
Richard J. RobertsMedicine1993"for their discoveries of split genes"
Sir Robert RobinsonChemistry1947"for his investigations on plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids"
Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) RussellLiterature1950"in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought"
Sir Martin RylePhysics1974"for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars"
Frederick SangerChemistry1980"for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids"
Sir Charles Scott SherringtonMedicine1932"for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons"
William Bradford ShockleyPhysics1956"for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect"
Michael SmithChemistry1993"for his fundamental contributions to the establishment of oligonucleotide-based, site-directed mutagenesis and its development for protein studies"
Oliver SmithiesMedicine2007"for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"
Frederick SoddyChemistry1921"for his contributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes"
Richard StoneEconomics1984"for having made fundamental contributions to the development of systems of national accounts and hence greatly improved the basis for empirical economic analysis"
John E. SulstonMedicine2002"for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'"
Richard Laurence Millington SyngeChemistry1952"for their invention of partition chromatography"
Jack W. SzostakMedicine2009"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"
Joseph John ThomsonPhysics1906"in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases"
George Paget ThomsonPhysics1937"for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals"
Lord (Alexander R.) ToddChemistry1957"for his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co-enzymes"
David TrimblePeace1998"for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"
John R. VaneMedicine1982"for their discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related biologically active substances"
John E. WalkerChemistry1997"for their elucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)"
Patrick WhiteLiterature1973"for an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature"
Geoffrey WilkinsonChemistry1973"for their pioneering work, performed independently, on the chemistry of the organometallic, so called sandwich compounds"
Betty WilliamsPeace1976
Charles Thomson Rees WilsonPhysics1927"for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour"

Partial List of Famous People#

Field Medal Winners#

NameYearAffiliation
Michael Francis Atiyah1966University of Oxford
Alan Baker1970University of Cambridge
Richard E. Borcherds1998University of Cambridge
Simon K Donaldson1986University of Oxford
W. Timothy Gowers1998University of Cambridge
Klaus Friedrich Roth1958London University

National Parks#

Wolf Prize Winner#

NameCategoryYearMotivation
Joseph ChattChemistry1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The members of the Prize Committee in Chemistry for the Wolf Prize 1981, have selected for pioneering and fundamental contributions to synthetic transition metal chemistry, particularly transition metal hydrides and dinitrogen complexes.
David M. BlowChemistry1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee for 1987 unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize be awarded for his contributions to protein X-ray crystallography and to the elucidation of structures of enzymes and his mechanisms of action.
Sir David C. PhillipsChemistry1987THE 1987 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize Committee for 1987 unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize be awared for their contributions to protein X-ray crystallography and to the elucidation of structures of enzymes and their mechanisms of action.
Alan R. BattersbyChemistry1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Chemistry Prize committee has unanimously selected the following candidate to equally share the 1989 Wolf Prize in Chemistry: for his fundamental contributions to the elucidation of the mechanism of enzymic reactions and of the biosynthesis of natural products, in particular the pigments of life.
John A. PopleChemistry1992THE 1992 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY The Prize Committee in Chemistry has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1992 be awarded for his outstanding contributions to Theoretical Chemistry, particularly in developing effective and widely used modern quantum - chemical methods.
Michael E. FisherPhysics1980The 1980 wolf foudation in physics for pathbreaking developments culminating in the general theory of the critical behavior at transitions between the different thermodynamic phases of matter.
Freeman J. DysonPhysics1981THE 1981 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their outstanding contributions to theoretical physics, especially in the development and application of the quantum theory of fields
Sir Peter B. HirshPhysics1984THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for his development of the utilization of the transmission electron microscope as a universal instrumentto study the structure of crystalline matter.
Roger PenrosePhysics1988THE 1988 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their brilliant development of the theory of general relativity, in which they have shown the necessity for cosmological singularities and have elucidated the physics of black holes. In this work they have greatly enlarged our understanding of the origin and possible fate of the Universe.
Stephen W. HawkingPhysics1988THE 1988 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for their brilliant development of the theory of general relativity, in which they have shown the necessity for cosmological singularities and have elucidated the physics of black holes. In this work they have greatly enlarged our understanding of the origin and possible fate of the Universe.
David J. ThoulessPhysics1990THE 1990 WOLF FOUNDATON PRIZE IN PHYSICS for a wide variety of pioneering contributions to our understanding of the organization of complex condensed matter systems,de Gennes especially for his work on macromolecular matter and liquid crystals and Thouless for his on disordered and low-dimensional systems.
Anthony J. LeggettPhysics2003THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for key insights into the broad range of condensed matter physics: Leggett on superfluidity of the light helium isotope and macroscopic quantum phenomena; and Halperin on two- dimensional melting, disordered systems and strongly interacting electrons.
Peter W. HiggsPhysics2004THE 2004 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for pioneering work that has led to the insight of mass generation, whenever a local gauge symmetry is realized asymmetrically in the world of sub-atomic particles.
Andrew J. WilesMathematics1995THE 1995/6 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MATHEMATICS The Prize Committee for Mathematics has unanimously decided that the Prize for 1995/6 be awarded for spectacular contributions to number theory and related fields, major advances on undamental conjectures, and for settling Fermat´s last theorem.
Cesar MilsteinMedicine1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Medicine for 1980 shall be equally shared for his contributions to knowledge of the function and disfunction of the body cells through his studies on the immunological role of the lymphocytes, the development of specific antibodies and the elucidation of mechanisms governing the control and differentiation of normal and cancer cells.
James L. GowansMedicine1980THE 1980 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Wolf Foundation Prize Committee has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize in Medicine for 1980 shall be equally shared for his contributions to knowledge of the function and disfunction of the body cells through his studies on the immunological role of the lymphocytes, the development of specific antibodies and the elucidation of mechanisms governing the control and differentiation of normal and cancer cells.
Sir James W. BlackMedicine1982THE 1982 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE for developing agents which block beta adrenergic and histamine receptors.
John B. GurdonMedicine1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Medicine Prize committee has unanimously selected the following two candidates to equally share the 1989 Wolf Prize in Medicine for his introduction of the xenopus oocyte into molecular biology and his demonstration that the nucleus of a differentiated cell and of the egg differ in expression but not in the content of genetic material;
Michael J. BerridgeMedicine1995THE 1994/5 wolf foundation prize at medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1994/5 awarded for their discoveries concerning cellular transmembrane signalling involving phospholipids and calcium.
Mary Frances LyonMedicine1997THE 1996/7 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the Wolf Prize for 1996/7 awarded for her hypothesis concerning the random inactivation of X-chromosomes in mammals.
Oliver SmithiesMedicine2003The 2002/3 wolf foundation in medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2002/3 Wolf Prize be awarded for his contribution to the development of gene-targeting, enabling elucidation of gene function in mice.
Anthony R. HunterMedicine2005THE 2005 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN MEDICINE The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2005 Wolf Prize will be jointly awarded, in equal parts for the discovery of protein kinases that phosphorylate tyrosine residues in proteins, critical for the regulation of a wide variety of cellular events, including malignant transformation;
Aharon RazinMedicine2008The 2008 wolf foundation prize at medicine The Prize Committee for Medicine has unanimously decided that the 2008 Wolf Prize be awarded for their fundamental contributions to our understanding of the role of DNA methylation in the control of gene expression.
Sir Ralph RileyAgriculture1986THE 1986 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Agriculture Prize Committee for 1986 for his fundamenta1 research in cytogenetics of wheat, providing the basis for genetic improvement of cereal grains.
Ernest John Christopher PolgeAgriculture1988THE 1988 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Agriculture Prize Committee has unanimously selected the following to equally share the 1988 Wolf Prize for pioneering work in reproductive physiology including cell preservation, fertilization processes, egg biology and embryo manipulations for domestic animal improvement.
Michael ElliottAgriculture1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Wolf Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously selected the following to equally share the 1989 Wolf Prize in Agriculture for distinguished contributions to basic science and its successful translation into practice in the fields of animal health and crop protection.
Peter BiggsAgriculture1989THE 1989 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE The Wolf Prize Committee for Agriculture has unanimously selected the following to equally share the 1989 Wolf Prize in Agriculture for distinguished contributions to basic science and its successful translation into practice in the fields of animal health and crop protection.
R. Michael RobertsAgriculture2002THE 2002/3 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN AGRICULTURE for discoveries of Interferon-t and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being.
John A. PickettAgriculture2008The 2008 wolf foundation prize in agriculture for his remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. his scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability.
David BaulcombeAgriculture2010The 2010 wolf foundation prize in agriculture for his pioneering discovery of gene regulation by small inhibitory RNA molecules in plants is of profound importance, not only for agriculture, but also for biology as a whole, including the field of medicine.
Sir Yehudi MenuhinMusic1991THE 1991 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (MUSIC) for One of the greatest violinists of the 20th. century, his unforgettable interpretations and humanitarian activities contributed significantly to bringing nations together through musical education.
Sir Simon RattleMusic2012Sir Rattle is a leading international figure among today’s conductors. His name precedes him as a perfectionist in performing a broad range of music compositions, and he is highly acclaimed all over the world by musicians who have performed under his baton, as by the listener audience. Sir Rattle is considered unique in the scope of his repertoire, which he performs at such high standards.
Ralph ErskineArchitecture1984THE 1983/4 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (ARCHITECTURE) for his fundamental contribution to contemporary architecture, based on his creative spirit, solving human problems in a highly original formal language.
Sir Denys LasdunArchitecture1992THE 1992 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN ARTS (ARCHITECTURE) With architecture as a social art, he enhances the relations between people through primary architectural means that far transcend style.
David ChipperfieldArchitecture2010Wolf Foundation Prize in the Arts (Architecture) for Innovative architect and educator, for advancing the discipline of architecture through both theoretical texts and exceptional buildings of profound consequence.
Sir Michael V. BerryPhysics1998THE 1998 WOLF FOUNDATION PRIZE IN PHYSICS for the discovery of quantum topological and geometrical phases, specifically the Aharonov-Bohm effect, the Berry phase, and their incorporation into many fields of physics.