unbekannter Gast

European Union: Geography#

LocationEurope between the North Atlantic Ocean in the west and Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine to the east
Geographic CoordinatesNA NA
Land boundariestotal: 12,440.8 km
border countries: Albania 282 km, Andorra 120.3 km, Belarus 1,050 km, Croatia 999 km, Holy See 3.2 km, Liechtenstein 34.9 km, Macedonia 394 km, Moldova 450 km, Monaco 4.4 km, Norway 2,348 km, Russia 2,257 km, San Marino 39 km, Serbia 945 km, Switzerland 1,811 km, Turkey 446 km, Ukraine 1,257 km
note: data for European Continent only
Coastline65,992.9 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Lammefjord, Denmark -7 m; Zuidplaspolder, Netherlands -7 m
highest point: Mont Blanc 4,807 m; note - situated on the border between France and Italy
Highest Mountains
Terrainfairly flat along the Baltic and Atlantic coast; mountainous in the central and southern areas
Natural Hazardsflooding along coasts; avalanches in mountainous area; earthquakes in the south; volcanic eruptions in Italy; periodic droughts in Spain; ice floes in the Baltic
Natural Resourceiron ore, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, bauxite, uranium, potash, salt, hydropower, arable land, timber, fish
Land Usearable land: 24.91
permanent crops: 2.75
other: 72.34 (2011)
Climatecold temperate; potentially subarctic in the north to temperate; mild wet winters; hot dry summers in the south
Irrigated Land154,539.82 sq km (2011 est.)
Renewable Water Resources2,057.76 cu km (2011)
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
signed but not ratified: Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Large Cities