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Gaza Strip: People & Society#

Population1,816,379 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.91% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.2% (male 402,848/female 381,155)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 191,710/female 182,405)
25-54 years: 30.1% (male 280,551/female 266,756)
55-64 years: 3.5% (male 31,711/female 31,515)
65 years and over: 2.6% (male 19,617/female 28,111) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate32.2 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate3.09 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsPalestinian Arab
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.46 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.35 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesArabic, Hebrew (spoken by many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.64 years
male: 72.9 years
female: 76.48 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.3%
male: 97.9%
female: 92.6%
note: estimates are for the Palestinian Territories (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: NA
adjective: NA
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 98.0 - 99.0% (predominantly Sunni), Christian <1.0%, other, unaffiliated, unspecified <1.0%
note: dismantlement of Israeli settlements was completed in September 2005; Gaza has had no Jewish population since then (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate4.24 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 18.2 years
male: 18 years
female: 18.4 years (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 81.6% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 81.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 18.4% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 18.2% of population
note: includes Gaza and the West Bank (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 94.8% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 94.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.2% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 5.7% of population
note: includes Gaza and the West Bank (2012 est.)
Maternal mortality rate64 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 38.8%
male: 34.5%
female: 62.2%
note: includes West Bank (2012)
Mother's mean age at first birth19
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2004 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 74.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 68.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.3 %
potential support ratio: 19
note: data represents the Palestinian Territories (2014 est.)