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New Caledonia: Geography#

LocationOceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic Coordinates21 30 S, 165 30 E -21.5,165.5
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline2,254 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
Highest Mountains
Terraincoastal plains with interior mountains
Natural Hazardscyclones, most frequent from November to March volcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically active
Natural Resourcenickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Land Usearable land: 0.38%
permanent crops: 0.27%
other: 99.34% (2011)
Climatetropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Irrigated Land100 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment_CurrentIssueserosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
Environment - international agreementsNA
Large Cities
Geography-noteconsists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls