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Puerto Rico: People & Society#

Population3,620,897 (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.65% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.1% (male 335,142/female 319,765)
15-24 years: 14.5% (male 267,596/female 256,487)
25-54 years: 38.5% (male 665,092/female 727,412)
55-64 years: 12% (male 197,256/female 238,139)
65 years and over: 16.4% (male 265,674/female 348,334) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate10.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.51 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupswhite 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3%
note: 99% of the population is Latino (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.73 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.53 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesSpanish, English
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.09 years
male: 75.46 years
female: 82.8 years (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 90.3%
male: 89.7%
female: 90.9% (2011 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican
Net migration rate-8.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Total fertility rate1.64 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 38.7 years
male: 36.8 years
female: 40.5 years (2014 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 14 years
female: 17 years (2011)
Education expendituresNA
Urbanizationurban population: 98.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.06% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 93.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 0.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2012 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSAN JUAN (capital) 2.475 million (2011)
Maternal mortality rate20 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 26.6%
male: 28.9%
female: 23.1% (2012)
Contraceptive prevalence rate84.1%
note: percent of women aged 18-44 (2002)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 28.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 21.3 %
potential support ratio: 4.7 (2014 est.)