South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands: Geography#

LocationSouthern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of the tip of South America
Geographic Coordinates54 30 S, 37 00 W -54.5,-37.0
Land boundaries0 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Paget (South Georgia) 2,934 m
Highest Mountains
Terrainmost of the islands, rising steeply from the sea, are rugged and mountainous; South Georgia is largely barren and has steep, glacier-covered mountains; the South Sandwich Islands are of volcanic origin with some active volcanoes
Natural Hazardsthe South Sandwich Islands have prevailing weather conditions that generally make them difficult to approach by ship; they are also subject to active volcanism
Natural Resourcefish
Land Usearable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (largely covered by permanent ice and snow with some sparse vegetation consisting of grass, moss, and lichen) (2011)
Climatevariable, with mostly westerly winds throughout the year interspersed with periods of calm; nearly all precipitation falls as snow
Irrigated Land0 sq km (2011)
Renewable Water ResourcesNA
Environment - international agreementsNA
Large Cities
Geography-notethe north coast of South Georgia has several large bays, which provide good anchorage; reindeer, introduced early in the 20th century, live on South Georgia