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Taiwan: Geography#

LocationEastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
Geographic Coordinates23 30 N, 121 00 E 23.5,121.0
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline1,566.3 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Yu Shan 3,952 m
Highest Mountains
Terraineastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west
Natural Hazardsearthquakes; typhoons volcanism: Kueishantao Island (elev. 401 m), east of Taiwan, is its only historically active volcano, although it has not erupted in centuries
Natural Resourcesmall deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
Land Usearable land: 24%
permanent crops: 1%
other: 75% (2011)
Climatetropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year
Irrigated LandNA
Renewable Water Resources67 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesair pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal
Environment - international agreementsparty to: none of the selected agreements because of Taiwan's international status
Large Cities
Geography-notestrategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait