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Western Sahara: People & Society#

Population554,795 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimate is based on projections by age, sex, fertility, mortality, and migration; fertility and mortality are based on data from neighboring countries (July 2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.89% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 38.1% (male 106,868/female 104,574)
15-24 years: 19.7% (male 54,970/female 54,217)
25-54 years: 33.7% (male 91,986/female 95,114)
55-64 years: 4.8% (male 12,408/female 14,159)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 9,002/female 11,497) (2014 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Birth rate30.71 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate8.49 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Ethnic groupsArab, Berber
Infant mortality ratetotal: 56.09 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 61.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
LanguagesStandard Arabic (national), Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 62.27 years
male: 60 years
female: 64.63 years (2014 est.)
LiteracyNA
Nationalitynoun: Sahrawi(s), Sahraoui(s)
adjective: Sahrawi, Sahrawian, Sahraouian
ReligionsMuslim
Total fertility rate4.07 children born/woman (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Median agetotal: 20.8 years
male: 20.3 years
female: 21.3 years (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 82% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationLaayoune 237,000 (2011)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41 %
youth dependency ratio: 37.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 3.8 %
potential support ratio: 26.1 (2014 est.)