unbekannter Gast

Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien

University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, oldest veterinary school in the German-speaking area, founded in 1765 by Maria Theresia at the suggestion of Gerard van Swieten, opened in 1767 under the name "Pferde-Curen- und Operationsschule" ("Horse Cure and Operation School") and serving from 1777 as veterinary hospital (from 1795 called "Militair-Thierarzneyschule" - "Military Animal Medication School"). Re-named "Tierarzneiinstitut" ("Animal Medication Institute") in 1808; 1812-1850 part of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Vienna. In 1823, the Institute moved into new premises in Vienna's third district, from 1850-1920 subordinate to the War Ministry. Operated from 1897 to 1905 under the name "K. u. k. Militaer-Tierarzneiinstitut und Tieraerztliche Hochschule" ("K. u. k. Military Animal-Medication Institute and Veterinary College"); training for veterinary surgeons was open to people with various kinds of previous training (e.g. to "Kurschmiede", i.e. farriers with some veterinary skills, students with Reifepruefung exam). Following the foundation of a Military Veterinary Academy in Vienna in 1905 (with the Reifepruefung exam as entrance requirement), the Veterinary College was able to pursue an independent development (1908 right to confer the doctor's degree, 1909 right to free election of the rector by the collegium of professors); administered by the Ministry for Education from 1920, received university status (25 departments) in 1975. In 1957, the University was given the estate of Merkenstein (Lower Austria), which is used as a teaching and research centre. In 1995/96, the university moved to new premises planned by architect Sepp Stein in Vienna's 21st district.


200 Jahre Tieraerztliche Hochschule in Wien, Festschrift, 1968.