unbekannter Gast

Early Christianity#

Masks of Mautern#

Fig. a

Fig. b

Fig. c

Fig. d

It was only at the beginning of the 20th century that clay masks and mask fragments dating from the 2nd c. A.D. were discovered near the town of Mautern on the Danube.

Fig. a) shows a complete mask in the shape of a calf's head.

The mask in Fig. b) is supposed to be a devil ("Teufelsfratze") with animal ears and horns but otherwise human.

The fragment of a mask shown in Fig. c) looks like a pig's head,

the one in Fig. d) has human features.

The masks may have been destined for heathen masquerades at the beginning of the new year that the church had prohibited, or for the period of Lent. These are the so-called calf-and-deer imitations ("Kälbchen- und Hirschlein-Darstellen") and the "Monstra" (devil's mask). Similar animal masks can be found all around the world, especially during periods of a changing season. (E. Stadler)

© Magistrat der Stadt Krems/Donau MA V - Kulturverwaltung. Körnermarkt 14, A-3500 Krems/D.