!!!Alpenverein, Österreichischer, ÖAV

Alpenverein, Oesterreichischer (Austrian Alpine Association) OeAV, 
founded in 1862 in Vienna as the first  Alpine Club on the European 
continent ("Sektion Austria" of today), 5 years after the founding of 
the English Alpine Club; the goal of the OeAV is to promote mountain 
climbing by theory and practical measures (presentations, 
publications, cartography, building of mountain sanctuaries and paths, 
mountain guides, libraries, museum collections, education of members, 
community activities). Merged in 1873 with the German Alpenverein 
co-founded by F.  Senn to form the "German and Austrian Alpine 
Association" (DuOeAV). After that, the Alpine Association was divided 
into sections. Loss of possession of refuges in 1918/1919 (South 
Tyrol); "German nationalist" tendencies between the wars (the question 
of anschluss, anti-Semitism; E. Pichl). In 1938 merged with the German 
Alpenverein; after 1945 the OeAV was re-established as legal 
successor. In 1993, membership totalled 234,000 in 190 sections 
(including 1 English, 1 Flemish and 1 Dutch section), 
the OeAV owned 270 mountain refuges and bivouacs.  Verband alpiner 
Vereine Oesterreichs.

Mitteilungen, 1863ff.; Jahrbuch (with map insert), 
1865ff.; Wissenschaftliche Alpenver.-Hefte (occasional).

!Further reading
A. M. Mueller, Geschichte des Deutschen und 
Oesterreichischen Alpenver., doctoral thesis, Muenster 1979; H. 
Hanke, 100 Jahre Oesterreichischer Alpenverein 1862-1962; 
Mitteilg. des Oesterreichischen Alpenver. 112/42, no.3, 1987.

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