!!!Ernst der Eiserne

Ernst (the Iron), Habsburg, Duke of Inner Austria, b. Bruck an der Mur, 1377, 
d. Bruck an der Mur, June 10, 1424, son of  Leopold III 
(Leopoldinian line). Until 1411 was dominated by his brother  
Leopold IV, then after his brother's death ruled Inner Austria 
(Styria, carinthia, Carniola) where he commissioned considerable 
construction projects (e.g. the castle chapel in Wiener Neustadt). On 
March 18, 1414 had himself appointed (last) Duke of Carinthia and from 
then on called himself  Archduke.  Cimburgis von Masowien  Friedrich 
IIIHis grave in the chapel of the Rein Monastery depicts him in full 
armour and in the (Arch-)Duke's hat. The epithet did not originate 
until after his death.

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