!!!Privilegium minus

Privilegium minus, document issued by Emperor Friedrich I 
Barbarossa, dated September 17, 1156, granted to Duke 
Heinrich II Jasomirgott and his wife Theodora. With the 
settlement of the dispute over Bavaria, Austria was transformed from a 
march into a duchy and granted special privileges. Austria was 
separated from Bavaria and the ducal couple were given the right to 
appoint their own successor if there was no heir (libertas 
affectandi). No courts of justice were to be held inside the 
administrative district without the approval of the duke. In addition, 
the Austrian duke was only obliged to attend diets when they were held 
in Bavaria and was only liable for military service on the territory 
of Austria´s neighbours. The rights contained in the Privilegium 
minus corresponded to the normal conditions that prevailed in German 
lands in the mid-12%%sup th/%  century.

H. Appelt, Privilegium minus, das staufische Kaisertum und 
die Babenberger in Oesterreich, 1973.

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