!!!Wiener Hofwerkstatt

Wiener Hofwerkstatt, important stained glass workshop in Vienna 
between 1350 and 1430. Partly due to the ambitious political and 
cultural plans of Rudolf IV (the Founder) and Albrecht III, the Wiener 
Hofwerkstatt achieved special significance around 1390, placing itself 
in a leading position in the art of European  Stained Glass. It 
reflects the adoption of the entire abundance of forms and shapes of  
International Style into the art of stained glass. Typical of the 
Wiener Hofwerkstatt is the integration of the depicted figures in the 
surrounding space, the increased importance of architectonic 
arrangement and the cool, iridescent colouring. Despite the 
participation of many masters (main masters:  Meister der Habsburger 
Fuerstenbildnisse) its works show great stylistic uniformity. Several 
preserved works show that the Wiener Hofwerkstatt carried out a number 
of large orders for the court, nobility and clergy around 1400. The 
"Habsburg windows" manufactured for St. Bartholomew´s chapel in 
Vienna's St. Stephen´s Cathedral are considered to be its main 
work (around 1380/90, now in the Historisches Museum in Vienna and in 
the Austrian Museum of Applied Art). Further works of stained glass 
were made for the Redemptorist Maria am Gestade Church in Vienna 
(around 1390, now in the Austrian Museum of Applied Art), Neukloster, 
Wiener Neustadt (around 1390, now in the Austrian Museum of Applied 
Art), Ebreichsdorf (Lower Austria, around 1390, some windows in the 
Austrian Museum of Applied Art and in the Metropolitan Museum of Art 
in New York), St. Erhard in der Breitenau (Styria, before 1390) and 
Viktring Abbey (Carinthia, around 1400/10). In the later works of the 
Wiener Hofwerkstatt, the three-dimensional shape was modified for the 
benefit of a more line-oriented two-dimensionality.

!Literature
F. Kieslinger, Gotische Glasmalerei in Oesterreich bis 
1450, 1928; E. Frodl-Kraft, Die mittelalterlichen Glasgemaelde in 
Wien, in: Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Oesterreich I, 1962; Die 
Parler und der Schoene Stil 1350-1400, exhibition catalogue, Cologne 
1978/79; Die Zeit der fruehen Habsburger, exhibition catalogue, Wiener 
Neustadt 1979.


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