Ziller Valley, Tyrol, widest southern side valley of the Inn Valley, 
main valley in the Zillertal Alps and one of the most frequented 
valleys in Tyrol (summer and winter tourism). Strictly speaking, the 
Ziller Valley extends from Strass im Zillertal (523 m) up to 
Mayrhofen (633 m), where it fans out into the Zemm Valley 
(Zemmbach), Tux Valley, Stillupgrund (Stillup reservoir) and 
Zillergrund plains. These 4 high valleys reach southwards almost up to 
the glacial region of the Zillertal Alps. At Dornauberg (985 m), 
the Floitengrund plain branches off from Zemm Valley in a southeast 
direction. The Zillergruendl reservoir was built on the upper course 
of the River Ziller, the Zillergrund plain, at 1,850 m. The 
Ziller Valley is surrounded by the Tux Alps in the west and the 
Kitzbuehel Alps in the east. Grassland farming with milk production 
and animal husbandry predominate in the valley, in some parts also 
sheep breeding and cultivation of green maize. First documented 
mention in 889, until 1816 major parts of the Ziller Valley belonged 
to the province of Salzburg. Even today the River Ziller forms the 
border between the dioceses of Salzburg and Tyrol (the parishes east 
of River Ziller belonging to Salzburg). The Ziller Valley was 
frequently the scene of conflicts between Catholics and Protestants ( 
Zillertaler Inklinanten), especially in the 18%%sup th/%  and 
19%%sup th/%  centuries. Further main villages and towns in the 
densely populated Ziller Valley are Schlitters (548 m), Fuegen 
(545 m), Kaltenbach (577 m), Stumm (556 m) and Zell am 
Ziller (575 m). The Zillertal-Bahn railway (narrow gauge) and the 
Zillertal-Strasse road make the valley accessible up to Mayrhofen. 
Cableways starting in the Ziller Valley run up to the surrounding 
mountain tops.

The Ziller river rises near Marchsteinjoch mountain (2,766 m), at 
the border to South Tyrol and Salzburg, and drains the Ziller Valley. 
It has relatively good water quality (level 2), and an average 
rate of flow of 43.1 m%%sup 3/%/sec. (near Hart im Zillertal). 
Main inlets: Zemmbach stream, and also Finsingbach stream coming from 
the west and Gerlosbach stream ( Gerlos Valley) in the east.

B. Fischer, Tirol, Nordtirol und Osttirol, 1981; G. 
Pfaundler, Tirol-Lexikon, 1983.

[Back to the Austrian Version|AEIOU/Zillertal|class='wikipage austrian']

[{FreezeArticle author='AEIOU' template='Lexikon_1995_englisch'}]
[{ALLOW view All}][{ALLOW comment All}][{ALLOW edit FreezeAdmin}]