!!!Chad. From N'Djamena to Ennedi Massif

Photos by [Dmitry Moiseenko|https://www.facebook.com/dmitry.moiseenko],
member of the [AirPano Team|Geography/About/Consortium/AirPano,_Team] that is a member of the [global-geography Consortium|Geography/About/Consortium]. \\

18 March 2020

with kind permission of [AirPano|http://www.AirPano.com]

In the middle of the African continent, there is the country of Chad
that was named after a lake. The territory of Chad is generally flat,
but there are still certain elevations. In the southeast part of the
country, there are highlands called Wadai (Ouaddaï) and rising at up to
1,666 meters; in the northwest, there is the Ennedi Plateau. It is a
sandstone bulwark and its highest mountain, Basso, rises at 1,450
meters. Erosion, time and wind have created bizarre formations, such as
columns, arches, towers and bridges. That's where our photographer
Dmitry Moiseenko went to capture this beauty from above.

[{Image src='01_Chad1.jpg' caption='Chad. Aloba Arch\\© [AirPano|https://www.AirPano.com]' alt='' width='900' popup='false'}]

The first humans, hunters and gatherers, appeared here back at the
Neolithic period when the climate of Sahara was more humid. They left
numerous petroglyphs dated 5,000-8,000 years showing mostly animals. The
majority of them are drawn with bright paints and 15% of them are
scratched on a solid surface.

[{Image src='02__Chad1.jpg' caption='Chad. Petroglyphs\\© [AirPano|https://www.AirPano.com]' alt='' width='900' popup='false'}]

The overall area of Ennedi is around 60,000 km² and it can be compared
to the area of Switzerland. It is a genuine nature reserve with small
waterholes that find themselves among rocks. The largest one is located
in the Archei region. A lot of goats, antelopes, cheetahs and other
animals come to this ancient waterhole. Camel drivers come with their
caravans and respect their turns: every new caravan does not enter the
gorge until the previous one leaves in order not to mix the animals. The
waterhole is the habitat of fish and the rare dwarf crocodile, and its
banks welcome dozens of migratory bird species. The territory of Ennedi
counts over 2,000 plant species.

[{Image src='03__Chad1.jpg' caption='Camels in Guelta d'Archei\\© [AirPano|https://www.AirPano.com]' alt='' width='900' popup='false'}]

The UNESCO World Heritage list has only two objects from Chad, and the
Natural and Cultural Landscape of Ennedi is one of them.

N'Djamena is the capital and the largest city of Chad. It was founded in
1900 as Fort-Lamy, a French fortification named after Amédée-François
Lamy. His unit was the first one to cross Sahara and find the way to
Lake Chad. The name N'Djamena was given to this city in 1973 and means
"place of rest".

[{Image src='04_Chad1.jpg' caption='N'Djamena. The capital of Chad\\© [AirPano|https://www.AirPano.com]' alt='' width='900' popup='false'}]

The capital lies in the southwest of the country at an elevation of 299
meters above sea level, on the right bank of the Chari River that
divides Chad and the neighbouring country, Cameroon. Almost all the
urban buildings are low clay houses, but the main street, the Avenue
Charles de Gaulle, and some other places have majestic buildings. Hilton
Hotel is one of them. This elegant complex was built on the bank of the
Chari River in 2015.

Among other great monuments of the city, there is a cathedral, the Chad
National Museum, a presidential palace, the Central Bank and several
mosques. The country of Chad has a lot of interesting places throughout
its territory, so AirPano will show them in our following virtual tours.

The author expresses his gratitude to Paganel Studio for a rare
opportunity to visit such remote places, the support with equipment and
the care of the daily routine.

[{Image src='05_Chad1.jpg' caption='Julia Arch. Chad\\© [AirPano|https://www.AirPano.com]' alt='' width='900' popup='false'}]

\\ \\
[15 panoramas of 360 degree panoramas of Chad-1|Geography/Africa/Chad/Pictures/Panoramas_of_Chad]

[{SET customtitle='360 degree panoramas of Chad-1 (AP)'}]

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