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Colombia: Geography#

LocationNorthern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Geographic Coordinates4 00 N, 72 00 W 4.0,-72.0
Area total: 1,138,910 sq km
land: 1,038,700 sq km
water: 100,210 sq km
note: includes Isla de Malpelo, Roncador Cay, and Serrana Bank
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 1138910
DBpedia: 1141747
Geoname: 1138910
Infoplease: 1138910
Britannica: 1141748
Wolfram: 1139000

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 6,672 km
border countries: Brazil 1,790 km, Ecuador 708 km, Panama 339 km, Peru 1,494 km, Venezuela 2,341 km
Coastline3,208 km (Caribbean Sea 1,760 km, North Pacific Ocean 1,448 km)
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico Cristobal Colon 5,775 m
note: nearby Pico Simon Bolivar also has the same elevation
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Pico Cristóbal Colón 5775 m; Nevado de Huila 5750 m; Ritacuba Blanco 5410 m; Ritak Uwa Blanco 5330 m; Nevado del Ruiz 5320 m
According to Geonames: Pico Simón Bolívar 5775 m; Nevado del Huila 5365 m; Nevado del Ruiz 5300 m; Nevado del Tolima 5200 m; Nevado del Quindío 5150 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terrainflat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains (Llanos)
Natural Hazardshighlands subject to volcanic eruptions; occasional earthquakes; periodic droughts volcanism: Galeras (elev. 4,276 m) is one of Colombia's most active volcanoes, having erupted in 2009 and 2010 causing major evacuations; it has been deemed a Decade Volcano by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior, worthy of study due to its explosive history and close proximity to human populations; Nevado del Ruiz (elev. 5,321 m), 129 km (80 mi) west of Bogota, erupted in 1985 producing lahars that killed 23,000 people; the volcano last erupted in 1991; additionally, after 500 years of dormancy, Nevado del Huila reawakened in 2007 and has experienced frequent eruptions since then; other historically active volcanoes include Cumbal, Dona Juana, Nevado del Tolima, and Purace
Natural Resourcepetroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 1.84%
permanent crops: 1.66%
other: 96.5% (2011)
Climatetropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Irrigated Land10,870 sq km (2011)
Renewable Water Resources2,132 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; soil and water quality damage from overuse of pesticides; air pollution, especially in Bogota, from vehicle emissions
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Large CitiesDue to difference in city rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Bogotá; Medellin; Cali; Barranquilla; Cartagena
According to Geonames: Bogotá; Cali; Medellín; Barranquilla; Cartagena

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Cities
Geography-noteonly South American country with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea