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Ecuador: Geography#

LocationWestern South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru
Geographic Coordinates2 00 S, 77 30 W -2.0,-77.5
Area total: 283,561 sq km
land: 276,841 sq km
water: 6,720 sq km
note: includes Galapagos Islands
We are unable to verify those figures from Factbook, since the 6 main sources we used for checking give different figures as follows:
Factbook: 283561
DBpedia: 258237
Geoname: 283560
Infoplease: 283560
Britannica: 256370
Wolfram: 283561

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Land boundariestotal: 2,237 km
border countries: Colombia 708 km, Peru 1,529 km
Coastline2,237 km
Elevation Extremeslowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m
note: due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere and has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet furthest from its center is Mount Chimborazo not Mount Everest, which is merely the highest peak above sea-level
Highest MountainsDue to difference in mountain rankings taken from two data sources we are listing here both lists :
According to Wolfram: Chimborazo 6267 m; Cotopaxi 5897 m; Cayambe 5786 m; Antisana 5753 m; El Altar 5320 m
According to Geonames: Iliniza 5248 m; Carihuairazo 5018 m; Cotacachi 4944 m; Corazón 4790 m; Guagua Pichincha 4784 m

Attempted Explanation: Please help us to try to explain the discrepancies by sending us helpful information to office@global-geography.org
Important Mountains
Terraincoastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)
Natural Hazardsfrequent earthquakes; landslides; volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts volcanism: volcanic activity concentrated along the Andes Mountains; Sangay (elev. 5,230 m), which erupted in 2010, is mainland Ecuador's most active volcano; other historically active volcanoes in the Andes include Antisana, Cayambe, Chacana, Cotopaxi, Guagua Pichincha, Reventador, Sumaco, and Tungurahua; Fernandina (elev. 1,476 m), a shield volcano that last erupted in 2009, is the most active of the many Galapagos volcanoes; other historically active Galapagos volcanoes include Wolf, Sierra Negra, Cerro Azul, Pinta, Marchena, and Santiago
Natural Resourcepetroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Land Usearable land: 4.51%
permanent crops: 5.38%
other: 90.11% (2011)
Climatetropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Irrigated Land8,534 sq km (2003)
Renewable Water Resources424.4 cu km (2011)
Environment_CurrentIssuesdeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes in ecologically sensitive areas of the Amazon Basin and Galapagos Islands
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Large CitiesGuayaquil; Quito; Cuenca; Santo Domingo; Machala
Important Cities
Geography-noteCotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world