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Georgia: People & Society#

Population4,928,052 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Georgian(s)
adjective: Georgian
Ethnic groupsGeorgian 86.8%, Azeri 6.3%, Armenian 4.5%, other 2.3% (includes Russian, Ossetian, Yazidis, Ukrainian, Kist, Greek) (2014 est.)
LanguagesGeorgian (official) 87.6%, Azeri 6.2%, Armenian 3.9%, Russian 1.2%, other 1%
note: Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia (2014 est.)
ReligionsOrthodox (official) 83.4%, Muslim 10.7%, Armenian Apostolic 2.9%, other 1.2% (includes Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Yazidi, Protestant, Jewish), none 0.5%, unspecified/no answer 1.2% (2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.91% (male 463,526/female 419,334)
15-24 years: 12.61% (male 326,675/female 294,912)
25-54 years: 40.93% (male 980,024/female 1,037,044)
55-64 years: 12.77% (male 282,067/female 347,287)
65 years and over: 15.77% (male 304,668/female 472,515) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.7%
youth dependency ratio: 25.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 20.4%
potential support ratio: 4.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 38 years
male: 35.1 years
female: 40.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.05% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate10.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionsettlement coincides closely to the central valley, with emphasis on the capital city of Tbilisi in the east; smaller urban agglomerations dot the Black Sea coast, with Bat'umi being the largest
Urbanizationurban population: 53.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTBILISI (capital) 1.147 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.81 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.92 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.4
note: data do not cover Abkhazia and South Ossetia (2013 est.)
Maternal mortality rate36 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 13.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.2 years
male: 72.1 years
female: 80.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.76 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate53.4%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2010)
Health expenditures7.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.27 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density2.6 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 95.2% of population
rural: 75.9% of population
total: 86.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.8% of population
rural: 24.1% of population
total: 13.7% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.39% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS9,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths200 (2015 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.1% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.1% (2009)
Education expenditures2% of GDP (2012)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 121,659
percentage: 18% (2005 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 35.6%
male: 35.3%
female: 36.4% (2013 est.)