!!!Israel: Government
||Country name|''conventional long form'': State of Israel \\ ''conventional short form'': Israel \\ ''local long form'': Medinat Yisra'el \\ ''local short form'': Yisra'el \\ ''etymology'': named after the ancient Kingdom of Israel; according to Biblical tradition, the Jewish patriarch Jacob received the name "Israel" ("He who struggles with God") after he wrestled an entire night with an angel of the Lord; Jacob's 12 sons became the ancestors of the Israelites, also known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel, who formed the Kingdom of Israel \\ 
||Government type|parliamentary democracy
||Capital|Jerusalem: note - while Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, the international community does not recognize it as such; the US, like all other countries, maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv-Yafo[{GoogleMap location='Jerusalem: note - while Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, the international community does not recognize it as such; the US, like all other countries, maintains its embassy in Tel Aviv-Yafo' zoom='6'}] \\ ''geographic coordinates'': 31 46 N, 35 14 E \\ ''time difference'': UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time) \\ ''daylight saving time'': +1hr, Friday before the last Sunday in March; ends the last Sunday in October \\ 
||Administrative divisions|6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv
||Independence|14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
||National holiday|Independence Day, 14 May (1948); note - Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May
||Constitution|no formal constitution; some functions of a constitution are filled mostly by the Declaration of Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws, and the Law of Return (as amended); Basic Laws amended several times, last in 2014 (2016)
||Legal system|mixed legal system of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious laws
||International law organization participation|has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; withdrew acceptance of International Criminal Court jurisdiction in 2002
||Citizenship|''citizenship by birth'': no \\ ''citizenship by descent only'': at least one parent must be a citizen of Israel \\ ''dual citizenship recognized'': yes, but naturalized citizens are not allowed to maintain dual citizenship \\ ''residency requirement for naturalization'': 3 out of the 5 years preceding the application for naturalization \\  \\ ''__note__'': Israeli law (Law of Return, 5 July 1950) provides for the granting of citizenship to any Jew - defined as a person being born to a Jewish mother or having converted to Judaism while renouncing any other religion - who immigrates to and expresses a desire to settle in Israel on the basis of the Right of aliyah; the 1970 amendment of this act extended the right to family members including the spouse of a Jew, any child or grandchild, and the spouses of children and grandchildren \\ 
||Suffrage|18 years of age; universal
||Executive branch|''chief of state'': President Reuven RIVLIN (since 27 July 2014) \\ ''head of government'': Prime Minister Binyamin NETANYAHU (since 31 March 2009) \\ ''cabinet'': Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset \\ ''elections/appointments'': president indirectly elected by the Knesset for a 7-year term (limited to 1 term); election last held on 10 June 2014 (next to be held in 2021 but can be called earlier); following legislative elections, the president, in consultation with party leaders, tasks a Knesset member (usually the member of the largest party) with forming a government \\ ''election results'': Reuven RIVLIN elected president in second round; Knesset vote - Reuven RIVLIN (Likud) 63, Meir SHEETRIT (The Movement) 53 , other/invalid 4 \\ 
||Legislative branch|''description'': unicameral Knesset (120 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms) \\ ''elections'': last held on 17 March 2015 (next to be held in 2019 but can be called earlier) \\ ''election results'': percent of vote by party - Likud 23.4%, Zionist Camp 18.7%, Joint List 10.6%, Yesh Atid 8.8%, Kulanu 7.5%, The Jewish Home 6.7%, Shas, 5.7%, Yisrael Beitenu 5.1%, UTJ 5.0%, Meretz 3.9%, Yachad 3.0%, other 1.6%; seats by party - Likud 30, Zionist Camp 24, Joint List 13, Yesh Atid 11, Kulanu 10, The Jewish Home 8, Shas 7, Yisrael Beitenu 6, UTJ 6, Meretz 5 \\ 
||Judicial branch|''highest court(s)'': Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 14 judges) \\ ''judge selection and term of office'': judges selected by the Judicial Selection Committee consisting of 3 Supreme Court judges, 2 Cabinet members including the Minister of Justice as chairman, 2 Knesset members, and 2 representatives from the Israel Bar Association; judges can serve up to mandatory retirement at age 70 \\ ''subordinate courts'': district and magistrate courts; national and regional labor courts; special and religious courts \\ 
||Political parties and leaders|Balad (Jamal ZAHALKA) \\ Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (HADASH) (ODEH) \\ Kulanu (Moshe KAHLON) \\ Labor (Yitzhak HERZOG) \\ Likud (Binyamin NETANYAHU) \\ Meretz (Zehava GALON) \\ SHAS (Arye DERI) \\ Tekumah/National Union (Ichud Leumi) (Uri ARIEL) \\ The Jewish Home (Habayit Hayehudi) (Naftali BENNETT) \\ The Movement (Hatnuah) (Tzipora "Tzipi" LIVNI) \\ United Arab List-Ta'al (Masud GANAIM) \\ United Torah Judaism or UTJ (Yaakov LITZMAN) (an alliance of three parties) \\ Yesh Atid (Yair LAPID) \\ Yisrael Beiteinu (Avigdor LIEBERMAN) \\ 
||Political pressure groups and leaders|Breaking the Silence (Yehuda SHAUL, executive director) collects testimonies from soldiers who served in the West Bank and Gaza Strip \\ B'Tselem (Hagai EL-AD, executive director) monitors human rights abuses \\ Peace Now (Yariv OPPENHEIMER, secretary general) supports territorial concessions in the West Bank and Gaza Strip \\ YESHA Council (Avi ROEHD, chairman) promotes settler interests and opposes territorial compromise
||International organization participation|BIS, BSEC (observer), CE (observer), CERN, CICA, EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW (signatory), OSCE (partner), Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, SELEC (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
||Diplomatic representation in the US|''chief of mission'': Ambassador Ron DERMER (since 3 December 2013) \\ ''chancery'': 3514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008 \\ ''telephone'': (1) (202) 364-5500 \\ ''FAX'': (1) (202) 364-5607 \\ ''consulate(s) general'': Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco \\ 
||Diplomatic representation from the US|''chief of mission'': Ambassador Daniel B. SHAPIRO (since 29 September 2011) \\ ''embassy'': 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv 6343229 \\ ''telephone'': (972) (3) 519-7475 \\ ''FAX'': (972) (3) 516-4390 \\ ''consulate(s) general'':  \\ 
||Flag description|white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Star of David or Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag; the basic design resembles a traditional Jewish prayer shawl (tallit), which is white with blue stripes; the hexagram as a Jewish symbol dates back to medieval times
||National symbol(s)|Star of David (Magen David), menorah (seven-branched lampstand); national colors: blue, white
||National anthem|''name'': "Hatikvah" (The Hope) \\ ''lyrics/music'': Naftali Herz IMBER/traditional, arranged by Samuel COHEN \\  \\ ''__note__'': adopted 2004, unofficial since 1948; used as the anthem of the Zionist movement since 1897; the 1888 arrangement by Samuel COHEN is thought to be based on the Romanian folk song "Carul cu boi" (The Ox Driven Cart) \\