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Israel: People & Society#

Population8,174,527 (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967) (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 21,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2015); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
Nationalitynoun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groupsJewish 74.8% (of which Israel-born 75.6%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 16.6%, Africa-born 4.9%, Asia-born 2.9%), non-Jewish 25.2% (mostly Arab) (2015 est.)
LanguagesHebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
ReligionsJewish 74.8%, Muslim 17.6%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 4% (2015 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.73% (male 1,159,980/female 1,106,946)
15-24 years: 15.52% (male 648,199/female 620,218)
25-54 years: 37.15% (male 1,552,754/female 1,484,059)
55-64 years: 8.51% (male 340,601/female 355,382)
65 years and over: 11.09% (male 405,511/female 500,877) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.1%
youth dependency ratio: 45.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4%
potential support ratio: 5.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.7 years
male: 29.1 years
female: 30.4 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.53% (2016 est.)
Birth rate18.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionpopulation concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Urbanizationurban population: 92.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationTel Aviv-Yafo 3.608 million; Haifa 1.097 million; JERUSALEM (proclaimed capital) 839,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.3 (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.4 years
male: 80.6 years
female: 84.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.66 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Health expenditures7.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.34 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density3.3 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.8% (2014)
Education expenditures5.9% of GDP (2013)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 10.6%
male: 10.1%
female: 11.1% (2014 est.)