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South Korea: People & Society#

Population50,924,172 (July 2016 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Korean(s)
adjective: Korean
Ethnic groupshomogeneous
LanguagesKorean, English (widely taught in junior high and high school)
ReligionsChristian 31.6% (Protestant 24.0%, Catholic 7.6%), Buddhist 24.2%, other or unknown 0.9%, none 43.3% (2010 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.45% (male 3,535,137/female 3,315,510)
15-24 years: 13.08% (male 3,515,779/female 3,146,084)
25-54 years: 45.93% (male 12,008,399/female 11,379,261)
55-64 years: 14.01% (male 3,521,569/female 3,611,481)
65 years and over: 13.53% (male 2,918,156/female 3,972,796) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 37.2%
youth dependency ratio: 19.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 18%
potential support ratio: 5.6% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.2 years
male: 39.7 years
female: 42.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.53% (2016 est.)
Birth rate8.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate5.8 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate2.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 82.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 0.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationSEOUL (capital) 9.774 million; Busan (Pusan) 3.216 million; Incheon (Inch'on) 2.685 million; Daegu (Taegu) 2.244 million; Daejon (Taejon) 1.564 million; Gwangju (Kwangju) 1.536 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.12 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth31 (2014 est.)
Maternal mortality rate11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 82.4 years
male: 79.3 years
female: 85.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.25 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate80%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2009)
Health expenditures7.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.14 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density10.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 87.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 12.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.3% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.6% (2011)
Education expenditures4.6% of GDP (2012)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 17 years
female: 16 years (2013)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 10%
male: 11.2%
female: 9.2% (2014 est.)