unbekannter Gast

Maldives: Economy#

Maldives has rapidly grown into a middle-income country, driven by tourism development. In 2015, the economy’s growth slowed to 4.8%, mainly due to lower tourism sector growth as tourist arrivals from China declined. However, the slowdown is expected to reverse in 2016. Tourism, construction, transport, and the communications sector accounted for 50% of the output on average. Tourism-related tax receipts increased by 13% in 2015 due to higher tax rates. This increase in dollar tax receipts directly led to higher usable reserves in 2015. The current account deficit widened to $400 million in 2015 due to increases in construction related imports. A large and growing fiscal deficit remains an ongoing economic challenge.

In July 2015, Maldives’ Parliament passed a constitutional amendment legalizing foreign ownership of land; foreign land-buyers must reclaim at least 70% of the desired land from the ocean and invest at least $1 billion in a construction project approved by Parliament.

Diversifying the economy beyond tourism and fishing, reforming public finance, increasing employment opportunities, and combating corruption, cronyism, and a growing drug problem are near-term challenges facing the government. Over the longer term Maldivian authorities worry about the impact of erosion and possible global warming on their low-lying country; 80% of the area is 1 meter or less above sea level.

Economic Facts#

GDP (purchasing power parity)$5.407 billion (2016 est.)
$5.249 billion (2015 est.)
$5.171 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
GDP (official exchange rate)$3.27 billion (2015 est.)
GDP - real growth rate3% (2016 est.)
1.5% (2015 est.)
6.5% (2014 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)$15,300 (2016 est.)
$15,100 (2015 est.)
$15,100 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
Gross national saving8.1% of GDP (2016 est.)
10.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
16.1% of GDP (2014 est.)
GDP - composition, by end usehousehold consumption: NA%
government consumption: NA%
investment in fixed capital: NA%
investment in inventories: NA%
exports of goods and services: 108.2%
imports of goods and services: 89.3% (2014 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of originagriculture: 3.5%
industry: 19.3%
services: 77.2% (2014 est.)
Agriculture - productscoconuts, corn, sweet potatoes; fish
Industriestourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining
Industrial production growth rate14% (2012 est.)
Labor force195,100 (2014)
Labor force - by occupationagriculture: 15%
industry: 15%
services: 70% (2010 est.)
Unemployment rate11.6% (2013 est.)
11% (2012 est.)
Population below poverty line16% (2008 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: 1.2%
highest 10%: 33.3% (FY09/10)
Distribution of family income - Gini index37.4 (2004 est.)
Budgetrevenues: $960 million
expenditures: $1.156 billion (2014 est.)
Taxes and other revenues29.4% of GDP (2014 est.)
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)-6% of GDP (2014 est.)
Public debt72.8% of GDP (2014)
66.7% of GDP (2013)
Fiscal yearcalendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices)2.1% (2016 est.)
1.4% (2015 est.)
Central bank discount rate7% (31 December 2013)
6.96% (31 December 2011)
Commercial bank prime lending rate10.5% (31 December 2012 est.)
10.2% (31 December 2011 est.)
Stock of narrow money$623 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$547.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)
Stock of broad money$1.538 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.298 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
Stock of domestic credit$1.559 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$1.601 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
Market value of publicly traded shares$555 million (31 December 2011 est.)
Current account balance-$389 million (2016 est.)
-$296 million (2015 est.)
Exports$300.9 million (2014 est.)
$331 million (2013 est.)
Exports - commoditiesfish
Exports - partnersThailand 18%, France 12.1%, Germany 10.7%, US 9.6%, Italy 6.8%, UK 6.4%, Sri Lanka 5.9%, Japan 4.6% (2015)
Imports$1.993 billion (2014 est.)
$1.733 billion (2013 est.)
Imports - commoditiespetroleum products, clothing, intermediate and capital goods
Imports - partnersUAE 18.4%, Singapore 13.8%, China 10.6%, India 10.4%, Malaysia 7%, Sri Lanka 5.6%, Thailand 5% (2015)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$627.4 million (31 December 2014 est.)
$381.9 million (31 December 2013 est.)
Debt - external$741.6 million (2014 est.)
$792.2 million (2013 est.)
Exchange ratesrufiyaa (MVR) per US dollar -
15.25 (2016 est.)
15.25 (2015)