Wir freuen uns über jede Rückmeldung. Ihre Botschaft geht nur an das Administrator Team. Danke fürs Mitmachen, das zur Verbesserung des Systems oder der Inhalte beitragen kann. Ihre Nachricht (optional mit Ihrer E-Mail):
unbekannter Gast

Syria: People & Society#

Population17,185,170 (July 2016 est.)
note: approximately 20,500 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2014)
Nationalitynoun: Syrian(s)
adjective: Syrian
Ethnic groupsArab 90.3%, Kurdish, Armenian, and other 9.7%
LanguagesArabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
ReligionsMuslim 87% (official; includes Sunni 74% and Alawi, Ismaili, and Shia 13%), Christian 10% (includes Orthodox, Uniate, and Nestorian), Druze 3%, Jewish (few remaining in Damascus and Aleppo)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.95% (male 2,815,140/female 2,675,166)
15-24 years: 19.65% (male 1,711,847/female 1,664,814)
25-54 years: 39.03% (male 3,342,264/female 3,364,406)
55-64 years: 5.26% (male 447,205/female 457,525)
65 years and over: 4.11% (male 318,691/female 388,112) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 70%
youth dependency ratio: 63.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.9%
potential support ratio: 14.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 24.1 years
male: 23.7 years
female: 24.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.56% (2016 est.)
Birth rate21.7 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Population distributionsignificant population density along the Mediterranean coast; larger concentrations found in the major cities of Damascus, Aleppo (the country's largest city), and Hims (Homs); more than half of the population lives in the coastal plain, the province of Aleppo, and the Euphrates River valley
Urbanizationurban population: 57.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - populationAleppo 3.562 million; DAMASCUS (capital) 2.566 million; Hims (Homs) 1.641 million; Hamah 1.237 million; Lattakia 781,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Maternal mortality rate68 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.9 years
male: 72.5 years
female: 77.4 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.55 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate53.9% (2009/10)
Health expenditures3.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.46 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.3% of population
rural: 87.2% of population
total: 90.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.7% of population
rural: 12.8% of population
total: 9.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS900 (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsless than 100 (2014 est.)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate21.6% (2014)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight10.1% (2009)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2009)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 91.7%
female: 81% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2013)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 192,915
percentage: 4% (2006 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24total: 35.8%
male: 26.6%
female: 71.1% (2011 est.)